Corpus ID: 204777243

Electoral Fraud and Biometric Identification Machine Failure in a Competitive Democracy

  title={Electoral Fraud and Biometric Identification Machine Failure in a Competitive Democracy},
  author={Miriam A. Golden and Eric Kramon and George K. Ofosu},
We study election fraud in a competitive but not fully consolidated two-party democracy. Using a randomized experimental design in the field, we investigate patterns of biometric identification machine breakdowns in Ghana’s December 2012 national elections. We identify a non-random pattern to machine breakdowns. In polling stations with a randomly assigned election observer, machines were about 50 percent less likely to experience breakdown as they were in polling stations without observers. We… Expand
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