Elastic energy storage in the shoulder and the evolution of high-speed throwing in Homo

@inproceedings{Roach2013ElasticES,
  title={Elastic energy storage in the shoulder and the evolution of high-speed throwing in Homo},
  author={Neil Thomas Roach and Madhusudhan Venkadesan and Michael J. Rainbow and Daniel E Lieberman},
  booktitle={Nature},
  year={2013}
}
Some primates, including chimpanzees, throw objects occasionally, but only humans regularly throw projectiles with high speed and accuracy. Darwin noted that the unique throwing abilities of humans, which were made possible when bipedalism emancipated the arms, enabled foragers to hunt effectively using projectiles. However, there has been little consideration of the evolution of throwing in the years since Darwin made his observations, in part because of a lack of evidence of when, how and why… CONTINUE READING
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