Eland Hunting Rituals among Northern and Southern San Groups: Striking Similarities

  title={Eland Hunting Rituals among Northern and Southern San Groups: Striking Similarities},
  author={J. David Lewis-Williams and Megan Biesele},
  pages={117 - 134}
Opening Paragraph The prominence of the eland in San thought is suggested by the frequency with which this antelope was depicted in rock paintings and also by the myths and rituals in which it features. In this paper we describe and compare certain eland beliefs and hunting rituals drawn from two San groups, the !Kung of Botswana and the now extinct \Xam of the Cape Province. The relevance of material obtained from the northern !Kung to the explication of the limited southern \Xam ethnographic… 
The Economic and Social Context of Southern San Rock Art [and Comments and Reply]
This paper suggests a new theoretical framework for understanding southern San rock art. The traditional explanations have been either innatist or functionalist. To escape the tautology of the former
In the beginning…the origins of predynastic religion
This work covers the Western Desert to the Nile Valley during the period ca. 6500-3750 calBC and determines the aetiology and nature of early Predynastic (Badarian- ca. 4350-3750 calBC) belief
Iconography of Termites' Nests and Termites: Symbolic Nuances of Formlings in Southern African San Rock Art
  • S. Mguni
  • Art
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2006
Formlings, now better understood to depict termitaria (termites' nests) and termites, are a pervasive category of San (Bushman) rock art north of the River Limpopo. This article investigates the
Three nineteenth-century Southern African San myths: a study in meaning
Abstract Indigenous significances of nineteenth-century |Xam San folktales are hard to determine from narrative structure alone. When verbatim, original-language records are available, meaning can be
Southern African San Rock Painting as Social Intervention: A Study of Rain-Control Images
Many aspects of southern African San rock art images can be understood in the light of nineteenth- and twentieth-century ethnography. San beliefs about different kinds of “rain-animals” and the
Reconfiguring Hunting Magic: Southern Bushman (San) Perspectives on Taming and Their Implications for Understanding Rock Art
The ethnographic decipherment of the Bushman (San) rock art of southern Africa instigated a revolution in our understanding of hunter-gatherer rock arts worldwide, even in regions widely separated
‘People will no longer be people but will have markings and be animals’: investigating connections between diet, myth, ritual and rock art in southern African archaeology
ABSTRACT This paper was motivated by a mid-twentieth century collection of wooden carvings made by the G/wi Bushmen (San) living in the western Kalahari Desert of southern Africa, in which they
On the Social Context of Southern African Rock Art
had been dissimilar). Comparing two or more evolutionary processes in order to identify similarities and differences in the level of development achieved implies that they are in some way comparable
Frogs or people: Dorothea Bleek and a genealogy of ideas in rock art research
ABSTRACT Social status and experience both play a role in the history of rock art research. The weight of such influence has led to the questionable identification of certain images. Following her
In small things consumed
Colonial representations of |Xam hunter-gatherers in South Africa emphasise their consumption of insects as emblematic of their ‘Bushman’ status; bestial, improvident, slothful, and degraded. More


Myth, Motive, and Selection in Southern African Rock Art
Opening Paragraph Recent publications on the rock art of Africa have again focused attention on the tremendous wealth of painted and engraved sites in that continent (Brentjes, 1969; Cooke, 1969; Lee
Sharing, Talking, and Giving: Relief of Social Tensions among !Kung Bushmen
Opening Paragraph This paper describes customs, practised by the !Kung Bushmen in the Nyae Nyae region of South Africa, which help them to avoid situations that are likely to arouse ill will and
Missionary labours and scenes in Southern Africa
For centuries, scripture and theology were the focus of prodigious amounts of scholarship and publishing, dominated in the English-speaking world by the work of Protestant Christians. Enlightenment
Introduction. When we think of the wilderness wanderings, mostly we think of the sins of Israel, but God’s actions toward the Israelites were very upright. In Deuteronomy 8, Moses described life in
The Medicine Dance of the !Kung Bushmen
Opening Paragraph The !Kung Bushmen whose medicine dance is described in this paper live in the interior of the Nyae Nyae region in South West Africa. The observations were made in the years 1951–61,
The Naron: a Bushman Tribe of the Central Kalahari
THE School of African Life and Language of the University of Cape Town is to be congratulated on having attained the dignity of a series of publications, even if, owing to scarcity of funds, it has
Exploration in South-West Africa
PROF. H. H. W. PEARSON, of Cape Town, has just conducted an exploring expedition through part of the recently conquered “South-West.” The expedition, which is expected to yield important economic as
The Linguistic Prehistory of Southern Africa: Bush, Kwadi, Hottentot, and Bantu Linguistic Relationships
Opening Paragraph The languages dealt with in this paper are Bush ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, and ‘D’, Kwadi, Hottentot, and about 20 Bantu language groups, comprising more than 50 distinct dialects. It is
A Bushman hunting kit from the Natal Drakensberg
A Bushman hunting kit found in a rock shelter in the Mhlwasini Valley in 1926 and comprising bow, bowcase, quiver, arrows, poison spatula and sundry metal blades, is described and illustrated. To
The Savage Mind
"Every word, like a sacred object, has its place. No "precis" is possible. This extraordinary book must be read." Edmund Carpenter, "New York Times Book Review " "No outline is possible; I can only