Elaboration of the Hostile Media Phenomenon

  title={Elaboration of the Hostile Media Phenomenon},
  author={Jounghwa Choi and Myengja Yang and Jeongheon Chang},
  journal={Communication Research},
  pages={54 - 75}
Hostile media perception (HMP) is a phenomenon showing the significance of individual factors in evaluation of media content. Extending theoretical understanding of HMP, this study has two purposes: (a) to examine the roles of different types of involvement in hostile media effect (HME), that is, value-relevant and outcome-relevant involvement, and (b) to explore relationships between HMP and other media-related perceptions, such as congruency of perceived media influence, media skepticism, and… 

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