El Niño and our future climate : where do we stand ?

  title={El Ni{\~n}o and our future climate : where do we stand ?},
  author={Gabriel A. Vecchi and Andrew T. Wittenberg},
El Niño and La Niña comprise the dominant mode of tropical climate variability: the El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. ENSO variations influence climate, ecosystems, and societies around the globe. It is, therefore, of great interest to understand the character of past and future ENSO variations. In this brief review, we explore our current understanding of these issues. The amplitude and character of ENSO have been observed to exhibit substantial variations on timescales of… CONTINUE READING
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