El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection

@article{Ashok2007ElNM,
  title={El Ni{\~n}o Modoki and its possible teleconnection},
  author={Karumuri Ashok and Swadhin K. Behera and Suryachandra A. Rao and Hengyi Weng and Toshio Yamagata},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research},
  year={2007},
  volume={112}
}
[1] Using observed data sets mainly for the period 1979–2005, we find that anomalous warming events different from conventional El Nino events occur in the central equatorial Pacific. This unique warming in the central equatorial Pacific associated with a horseshoe pattern is flanked by a colder sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) on both sides along the equator. empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of monthly tropical Pacific SSTA shows that these events are represented by the… 

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