El Niño ' s tropical climate and teleconnections as a blueprint for pre-Ice-Age climates

  title={El Ni{\~n}o ' s tropical climate and teleconnections as a blueprint for pre-Ice-Age climates},
  author={Peter Molnar and Mark A. Cane},
[1] At 2.7 million years ago the warm equable climates of early and ‘‘middle’’ Pliocene time (used here to mean from 5 to 2.7 Ma) were replaced by recurring ice ages. Most attempts to explain the change appeal either to changes in CO2 in the atmosphere or reduced heat transport by the Atlantic Ocean. The sources of the strongest teleconnections in the current climate, however, lie in the tropics, and such connections occur by transport of heat and moisture by the atmosphere. The most prominent… CONTINUE READING


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