El Niño/Southern Oscillation and tropical Pacific climate during the last millennium

@article{Cobb2003ElNO,
  title={El Ni{\~n}o/Southern Oscillation and tropical Pacific climate during the last millennium},
  author={Kim M. Cobb and Christopher D. Charles and Hai Cheng and Richard Lawrence Edwards},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2003},
  volume={424},
  pages={271-276}
}
Any assessment of future climate change requires knowledge of the full range of natural variability in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. Here we splice together fossil-coral oxygen isotopic records from Palmyra Island in the tropical Pacific Ocean to provide 30–150-year windows of tropical Pacific climate variability within the last 1,100 years. The records indicate mean climate conditions in the central tropical Pacific ranging from relatively cool and dry during the tenth… 
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Coral record of reduced El Niño activity in the early 15th to middle 17th centuries
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