Einstein’s conversion from his static to an expanding universe

@article{Nussbaumer2014EinsteinsCF,
  title={Einstein’s conversion from his static to an expanding universe},
  author={Harry Nussbaumer},
  journal={The European Physical Journal H},
  year={2014},
  volume={39},
  pages={37-62}
}
  • H. Nussbaumer
  • Published 12 November 2013
  • Physics
  • The European Physical Journal H
Abstract In 1917 Einstein initiated modern cosmology by postulating, based on general relativity, a homogenous, static, spatially curved universe. To counteract gravitational contraction he introduced the cosmological constant. In 1922 Alexander Friedman showed that Albert Einstein’s fundamental equations also allow dynamical worlds, and in 1927 Georges Lemaître, backed by observational evidence, concluded that our universe was expanding. Einstein impetuously rejected Friedman’s as well as Lema… 

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