Einstein’s Approach to Statistical Mechanics: The 1902–04 Papers

  title={Einstein’s Approach to Statistical Mechanics: The 1902–04 Papers},
  author={Luca Peliti and Ra{\'u}l Rechtman},
  journal={Journal of Statistical Physics},
We summarize the papers published by Einstein in the Annalen der Physik in the years 1902–1904 on the derivation of the properties of thermal equilibrium on the basis of the mechanical equations of motion and of the calculus of probabilities. We point out the line of thought that led Einstein to an especially economical foundation of the discipline, and to focus on fluctuations of the energy as a possible tool for establishing the validity of this foundation. We also sketch a comparison of… 
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