Eimerians in harvest mice, Reithrodontomys spp., from Mexico, California and New Mexico, and phenotypic plasticity in oocysts of Eimeria arizonensis.

Abstract

Between May 1979 and August 1991, 48.7% (57/117) of the harvest mice (Reithrodontomys spp.) examined from 10 localities in Mexico, California and New Mexico had coccidian oocysts in their feces. A total of 46.7% (49/105) of the Reithrodontomys megalotis examined were positive for coccidian oocysts; this included samples from five states in Mexico (47.1%, 8/17), three counties in California (66.7%, 4/6) and two counties in New Mexico (45.1%, 37/82); 66.7% (8/12) of the Reithrodontomys montanus from one county in New Mexico also were infected. Only two coccidian species, Eimeria arizonensis and Eimeria langebarteli, were found in these hosts. Oocysts of E. langebarteli were found only in R. megalotis: in all three infected mice from Madera County, California, in the only mouse from San Bernardino County, California, and in 63% (5/8) of the infected mice from four states in Mexico. Oocysts of E. arizonensis were found in R. megalotis in Mexico, California, and New Mexico and in R. montanus from New Mexico. Sporulated oocysts of E. langebarteli differed slightly from those in previously published reports by having wider oocysts and larger sporocysts. Sporulated oocysts of E. arizonensis were variable in size, with those recovered from R. montanus significantly larger in length and width and sporocyst width than those from R. megalotis. The structure of the oocyst residuum was polymorphic, both within and between host species, and within the same mouse; it could appear as one large globule, two globules, several to many smaller globules, or as a compact mass of many small granules. Oocysts with a variable residuum were larger than those with one globule in all oocyst/sporocyst dimensions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Duszynski1992EimeriansIH, title={Eimerians in harvest mice, Reithrodontomys spp., from Mexico, California and New Mexico, and phenotypic plasticity in oocysts of Eimeria arizonensis.}, author={Donald W. Duszynski and M J Patrick and Lee Couch and Steve J. Upton}, journal={The Journal of protozoology}, year={1992}, volume={39 5}, pages={644-8} }