Eight thousand years of natural selection in Europe

@article{Mathieson2015EightTY,
  title={Eight thousand years of natural selection in Europe},
  author={Iain Mathieson and Iosif Lazaridis and Nadin Rohland and Swapan Mallick and Nick J. Patterson and Song{\"u}l Alpaslan Roodenberg and {\'E}adaoin Harney and Kristin Stewardson and Daniel M. Fernandes and Mario Novak and Kendra A. Sirak and Cristina Gamba and Eppie R. Jones and Bastien Llamas and Stanislav V Dryomov and Joseph K. Pickrell and Juan Luis Arsuaga and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro and Eudald Carbonell and Fokke Gerritsen and Aleksandr A Khokhlov and Pavel Kuznetsov and Marina Lozano and Harald Meller and Oleg Mochalov and Vayacheslav Moiseyev and Manuel A. Rojo Guerra and Jacob Roodenberg and Josep Maria Verg{\`e}s and Johannes Krause and Alan Cooper and Kurt W. Alt and Dorcas Brown and David Anthony and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Wolfgang Haak and Ron Pinhasi and David Reich},
  journal={bioRxiv},
  year={2015}
}
The arrival of farming in Europe around 8,500 years ago necessitated adaptation to new environments, pathogens, diets, and social organizations. While indirect evidence of adaptation can be detected in patterns of genetic variation in present-day people, ancient DNA makes it possible to witness selection directly by analyzing samples from populations before, during and after adaptation events. Here we report the first genome-wide scan for selection using ancient DNA, capitalizing on the largest… Expand
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