Egr-1 Induces a Profibrotic Injury/Repair Gene Program Associated with Systemic Sclerosis
Early growth response factor 1 (Egr-1) is a key transcriptional factor to mediate gene expression after vascular injury. To better understand the role of Egr-1 in vasculature, we globally profiled Egr-1 target genes in human endothelial cells using adenoviral gene transfer and Affymetrix oligonucleotide-based microarray technology. More than 300 genes regulated by >/=3-fold with Egr-1 overexpression were identified and, partially, confirmed by Northern and Western blotting, including genes for transcriptional regulators, signaling proteins, cell cycle regulatory proteins, growth factors, and cytokines. Among them, thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK) and IP-30 were dramatically induced by Egr-1, but TNFalpha-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) was significantly repressed by Egr-1, suggesting that Egr-1 is a key mediator of inflammation and apoptosis in vascular cells. These data provide novel Egr-1 target genes and contribute to the understanding of the role of Egr-1 in vasculature.