Egoistic and Moralistic Biases in Self-Perception: The Interplay of Self-Deceptive Styles With Basic Traits and Motives

  title={Egoistic and Moralistic Biases in Self-Perception: The Interplay of Self-Deceptive Styles With Basic Traits and Motives},
  author={Delroy L. Paulhus and Oliver P. John},
  journal={Journal of Personality},
The literature on personality traits and defense mechanisms suggests individual differences in two self-favoring tendencies, which we label "egoistic bias" and "moralistic bias." The two biases are self-deceptive in nature and can be traced to two fundamental values, agency and communion, that impel two corresponding motives, nPower and nApproval. The two sequences of values, motives, and biases form two personality constellations, Alpha and Gamma.Associated with Alpha is an egoistic bias, a… 

Figures from this paper

Alpha and Beta traits and egoistic and moralistic self-enhancement: a point of convergence between two research traditions.

Findings revealed significant correlations between Alpha and Beta and the substantive parts of egoistic and moralistic dimensions, and substance, bias, and method variance all represent important sources of covariation among the Big Five.

Validating an Inventory for the Assessment of Egoistic Bias and Moralistic Bias as Two Separable Components of Social Desirability

The psychometric properties of the German adaptation of the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding were investigated. This 2-factor inventory taps the egoistic bias and the moralistic bias as the

Attentional biases and memory distortions in self-enhancers

Personality and the Self




Enhancement and Denial in Socially Desirable Responding

One research tradition has distinguished self-deception, the tendency to give favorably biased but honestly held self-descriptions impression management, the tendency to give favorable

Self‐Favoring Biases, Self‐Presentation, and the Self‐Other Asymmetry in Social Comparison

ABSTRACT The relationship between self-favoring biases in social comparison, favorable self-presentation, and well-being and the self-other asymmetry effect was examined. Participants gave

Self-Deception and Impression Management in Test Responses

In psychological assessment, we aim for the most accurate description of some cognitive or behavioral attribute. In assessment involving self-reports, this objective is invariably haunted by the

Empirical study of self-rated defense styles.

A self-administered questionnaire that would indicate a person's perception of his or her habitual defensive style was constructed and tested, and showed that such defenses tend to cluster into styles that can be ranked on a developmental continuum.

Effects of Self-Presentation Strategies on Personality Profiles and their Structure

To examine the claim that self presentation distorts the structure of personality dimensions, 370 subjects were asked to respond as job applicants to a measure of the Big Five personality traits and

Overly positive self-evaluations and personality: negative implications for mental health.

There are negative short-term and long-term consequences for individuals who self-enhance and, contrary to some prior formulations, accurate appraisals of self and of the social environment may be essential elements of mental health.

Self-Discrepancy : A Theory Relating Self and Affect

This article presents a theory of how different types of discrepancies between self-state representations are related to different kinds of emotional vulnerabilities. One domain of the self (actual;

Accuracy and bias in self-perception: individual differences in self-enhancement and the role of narcissism.

Although the self-perceptions showed convergent validity with the staff criterion, Ss were less accurate when judging themselves than when judging their peers; however, this general self-enhancement effect was dwarfed by substantial individual differences, which ranged from self- enhancement to self-diminishment bias and were strongly related to four measures of narcissism.

Socially desirable responding and sexuality self‐reports

We assessed the impact of two distinct forms of socially desirable responding—self‐deceptive enhancement and impression management—on sexuality self‐reports (n = 504) under anonymous testing

Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very