Ego Depletion and Self-Control Failure: An Energy Model of the Self's Executive Function

  title={Ego Depletion and Self-Control Failure: An Energy Model of the Self's Executive Function},
  author={Roy F. Baumeister},
  journal={Self and Identity},
  pages={129 - 136}
The ability of the self to alter its own responses, including thoughts, emotions, impulsive behaviors, and performances, is powerfully adaptive, and failures of selfcontrol contribute to most personal and social problems. A program of laboratory studies suggests that self-control depends on a limited resource, akin to energy or strength. Acts of self-control and, more generally, of choice and volition deplete this resource, thereby impairing the self's ability to function. These effects appear… 

Adequacy of the Sequential-Task Paradigm in Evoking Ego-Depletion and How to Improve Detection of Ego-Depleting Phenomena

The strength model of self-control was tested using a " sequential-task " paradigm in which participants engaged in two consecutive tasks, and reduced performance on the second task constituted support for the ego-depletion effect.

Ego depletion and aggressive behavior: Is the inhibition of aggression a limited resource?

If self-regulation is a limited resource, the capacity to inhibit aggressive behavior should be lower among people who have already exercised self-regulation. In Experiment 1, participants who had to

Adapting to an initial self-regulatory task cancels the ego depletion effect

A preliminary study on the effects of a mindfulness intervention on the temporary availability of self-control strength

Mindfulness training is associated with beneficial effects on psychological well-being, cognition, emotion regulation, self-regulation, and other factors. Baumeister’s (2002) strength model of

Ego depletion and the strength model of self-control: a meta-analysis.

Support for motivation and fatigue as alternative explanations for ego depletion indicate a need to integrate the strength model with other theories and provide preliminary support for the ego-depletion effect and strength model hypotheses.

The Benefits of Self-Set Goals: Is Ego Depletion Really a Result of Self-Control Failure?

Evidence for this deviation contradicting motivational accounts of ego depletion is found: Participants experiencing ego depletion set themselves a stricter instead of a more lenient goal than controls, in that they chose to eat less cookies or wanted to perform better.

The impact of trait mindfulness upon self-control in children

The resource, or strength, model of self-control (Baumeister, Heatherton & Tice, 1994) suggests that individuals possess a limited resource of strength, or energy, which is depleted by acts of

Self-Regulation and Performance in High-Fidelity Simulations: An Extension of Ego-Depletion Research

This article extends the research literature related to “ego-depletion.” Although numerous studies have focused on the self-regulatory failure associated with ego-depletion, the extant literature is

Towards a motivational alternative to the strength model of self-control

Self-control is an area of research that has received increased attention over the last couple of decades. Failures of self-control, in particular, are held to be the underlying cause of a number of

The Effects of Ego Depletion and Emotional Intelligence on Risk-Taking

Ego depletion theory postulates that the ability to exert self-control depends upon the availability of a limited mental resource. In this experiment, we investigated the effects of ego depletion on



Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?

The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource.

Self-control as limited resource: regulatory depletion patterns.

A strength model of self-regulation fits the data better than activation, priming, skill, or constant capacity models ofSelf-regulation.

Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?

The authors review evidence that self-control may consume a limited resource and conclude that the executive component of the self--in particular, inhibition--relies on a limited, consumable resource.

Mechanisms of Self-Control Failure: Motivation and Limited Resources

It is suggested that depletion only affects performance on tasks that require self-control; tasks that are difficult but do not requireSelf-control are immune to the effects of depletion; depleted individuals may compensate for their lack of self- control resources when sufficiently motivated.

Losing Control: How and Why People Fail at Self-Regulation

Basic Issues: Introduction: Self-Regulation Failure in Social and Theoretical Context. General Patterns and Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Failure. Controlling Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions: Task

Self-regulation failure: An overview.

The major patterns of self-regulatory failure are reviewed. Underregulation occurs because of deficient standards, inadequate monitoring, or inadequate strength. Misregulation occurs because of false

On the Self-Regulation of Behavior

1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.

The "self digest": self-knowledge serving self-regulatory functions.

  • E. Higgins
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1996
Self-knowledge is conceptualized as a self digest that summarizes one's relations to the world and the personal consequences of these relations and is distinguished from the classic notion that self-knowledge contains one descriptive actual self.

High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success.

Tests for curvilinearity failed to indicate any drawbacks of so-called overcontrol, and the positive effects remained after controlling for social desirability, so low self-control is a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems.

Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior

I. Background.- 1. Introduction.- A Statement of Intentions.- Organizational Plan.- 2. Cybernetics, Information, and Control.- Information.- Levels of Information.- Classification of Input.-