Ego Depletion—Is It All in Your Head?

@article{Job2010EgoDI,
  title={Ego Depletion—Is It All in Your Head?},
  author={V. Job and C. Dweck and G. Walton},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={21},
  pages={1686 - 1693}
}
Much recent research suggests that willpower—the capacity to exert self-control—is a limited resource that is depleted after exertion. We propose that whether depletion takes place or not depends on a person’s belief about whether willpower is a limited resource. Study 1 found that individual differences in lay theories about willpower moderate ego-depletion effects: People who viewed the capacity for self-control as not limited did not show diminished self-control after a depleting experience… Expand
Implicit Theories About Willpower
People endorse different beliefs—implicit theories—about the nature of willpower. These beliefs affect their self-control on consecutive tasks in the laboratory as well as their goal striving andExpand
Willpower and ego depletion: Useful constructs?
It is widely recognized that the ability to exert will and defy the temptation of short-term rewards in favor of long term goals has many significant implications and is predictive of increasedExpand
Implicit theories about willpower predict the activation of a rest goal following self-control exertion.
TLDR
This research provides consistent support for a motivational shift toward rest after self-control exertion in people holding a limited-resource theory about willpower. Expand
Evaluating the Strength Model and Willpower Beliefs Accounts of the Ego-Depletion Effect
The ego-depletion effect was originally found to be highly robust and has often been explained through the strength model of self-control. This model states that exerting self-control depletes aExpand
What Is Ego Depletion? Toward a Mechanistic Revision of the Resource Model of Self-Control
  • M. Inzlicht, B. Schmeichel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2012
TLDR
Though the process model of depletion may sacrifice the elegance of the resource metaphor, it paints a more precise picture of ego depletion and suggests several nuanced predictions for future research. Expand
Motivation, personal beliefs, and limited resources all contribute to self-control
What effects do motivation and beliefs have on self-control? We tested this question using a limited resource paradigm, which generally has found that people show poor self-control after priorExpand
Ego-depletion 1 Ego-depletion: Theory and Evidence
Self-control all too often fails. Despite people‟s best intentions and considerable negative outcomes, people often find themselves at the losing end of resisting temptation, combating urges, andExpand
Erratum to “ Motivation , personal beliefs , and limited resources all contribute to self-control ”
a r t i c l e i n f o What effects do motivation and beliefs have on self-control? We tested this question using a limited resource paradigm, which generally has found that people show poorExpand
Searching for the bottom of the ego well: failure to uncover ego depletion in Many Labs 3
TLDR
The present study reanalysed data from a large-scale study to test whether performing a depleting task has any effect on a secondary task that also relies on self-control and found no significant evidence of ego depletion. Expand
A depleted mind feels inefficacious: Ego-depletion reduces self-efficacy to exert further self-control
Recent research has found that ego-depletion undermines self-control by motivating cognition that justifies conservation of mental resource. One potential cognitive mechanism is reduction ofExpand
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