Eggs of Ephestia kuehniella and Ceratitis capitata, and motile stages of the astigmatid mites Tyrophagus putrescentiae and Carpoglyphus lactis as factitious foods for Orius spp.

  title={Eggs of Ephestia kuehniella and Ceratitis capitata, and motile stages of the astigmatid mites Tyrophagus putrescentiae and Carpoglyphus lactis as factitious foods for Orius spp.},
  author={J. Bonte and Ana{\"i}s Walle and D. Conlong and P. Clercq},
  journal={Insect Science},
Several factitious foods were assessed for rearing the anthocorid predators Orius thripoborus (Hesse) and Orius naivashae (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) in the laboratory. Developmental and reproductive traits of both Orius species were examined when offered frozen eggs of the Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller, frozen processed eggs of the medfly, Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann, or mixed motile stages of the astigmatid mites Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) or… Expand
Cold tolerance and supercooling points of two ladybird beetles (Col.: Coccinellidae): Impact of the diet.
The results suggested that the eggs of E. kuehniella are a suitable diet for both predators, and beetles of O. conglobata contaminata were more cold tolerant than those of C. sexmaculata. Expand
Provision of astigmatid mites as supplementary food increases the density of the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii in greenhouse crops, but does not support the omnivorous pest, western flower thrips
Astigmatid mites can be used as prey for mass rearing of phytoseiid predators, but also as a supplemental food source to support predator populations in crops. Here we evaluated the potential of sixExpand
Performance of Orius insidiosus on alternative foods
The performance of O. insidiosus on three alternative foods that are cheaper than frozen eggs of Ephestia kuehniella shows that T. putrescentiae can possibly be used as cheap alternative food to boost predator populations in periods of low prey densities. Expand
Fitness consequences of artificial diets with different macronutrient composition for the predatory bug Orius majusculus
Test of six artificial diets with different macronutrient composition on the development and reproductive fitness of Orius majusculus found nymphal survival was not affected by diet, whereas development was slightly delayed on artificial diets, suggesting that artificial diets were of inferior quality. Expand
Nutritional quality of Drosophila melanogaster as factitious prey for rearing the predatory bug Orius majusculus
The potential for using frozen adults of fruit flies, Drosophila melanogaster, either as nymphal rearing diet or as diet throughout the entire life‐cycle is assessed, with the protein‐rich flies as diet providing the best results in terms of mortality and fecundity. Expand
Ecology and biocontrol potential of the South African flower bugs Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae
O. thripoborus appeared to be, in many aspects, a more suitable biocontrol agent than O. naivashae for use against arthropod pests in South Africa due to its better nutritional plasticity. Expand
Predators and Parasitoids-in-First: From Inundative Releases to Preventative Biological Control in Greenhouse Crops
Repeated mass introductions of natural enemies have been widely used as a biological control strategy in greenhouse systems when the resident population of natural enemies is insufficient to suppressExpand
Exploring the Role of Supplemental Foods for Improved Greenhouse Biological Control
The current stage of knowledge associated with various supplemental food types, which work best to support specific beneficial arthropods as well as some tools and techniques for successfully applying this biological control-enhancing strategy are summarized. Expand


Reproduction of Orius laevigatus and Orius albidipennis on pollen and Ephestia kuehniella eggs
The ability of both anthocorids to use pollen as an alternative or additional food is discussed in relation to their practical use in integrated control programmes. Expand
Nutritional value of brine shrimp cysts as a factitious food for Orius laevigatus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae)
Brine shrimp cysts may be used as a supplement in the mass production of O. laevigatus but may not be a suitable food for long-term culturing of the predator. Expand
Rearing Orius laevigatus on Cysts of the Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana
Abstract Development and reproduction of Orius laevigatus (Fieber) on cysts of the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana Kellogg were compared with those on eggs of the Mediterranean flour moth, EphestiaExpand
Development and survival ofOrius albidipennis andO. levigatus (Het.: Anthocoridae) on various diets
The effect of various diets on nymphal development and survival of two predaceous anthocorid bugs, Orius albidipennis and O. laevigatus, was investigated in the laboratory and the capability of the bugs to survive periods of prey scarcity and the optimization of release strategies for these predators in the greenhouse is discussed. Expand
Developmental and Reproductive Fitness of Orius laevigatus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Reared on Factitious and Artificial Diets
A rapid dissection assay may be effective to reliably and economically assess the fitness of O. laevigatus as a function of the diet and may prove useful as part of quality assurance procedure for commercially produced predators. Expand
Orius thripoborus (Anthocoridae), a potential biocontrol agent of Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis and Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Thripidae) on avocado fruits in the eastern Transvaal.
The South African avocado industry covers c 8 500 ha and has generated c R100 million and R30 million pa on the export and local markets, respectively, over the last four years (C J Partridge,Expand
Diet-dependent cannibalism in the omnivorous phytoseiid mite Amblydromalus limonicus
The rate of cannibalism was dependent on the food source offered, but always resulted in reduced population growth rates and cannibalistic behavior should be taken into account when selecting food sources for mass rearing of A. limonicus or supporting its populations in the field. Expand
Moisture Source and Diet affect Development and Reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two Predatory Anthocorids from Southern Africa
Developing eggs of the flour moth Ephestia kuehniella with a green bean pod as a moisture source yielded better nymphal survival and faster development, as compared with free water encapsulated in Parafilm, suggesting that the predators may extract extra nutrients from the bean pod. Expand
Predation capacity, development and reproduction of the southern African flower bugs Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on various prey
Abstract The little-studied species Orius thripoborus (Hesse) and Orius naivashae (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) have potential as biological control agents of thrips pests in southern Africa,Expand
A Mass-Rearing Method for the Assassin Bug Pristhesancus plagipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)
The rearing method minimizes P. plagipennis cannibalism, avoids the need for live insect prey, and is space and labor efficient and the optimum density for oviposition was 16 adults per 5-liter container, which provided the best compromise between egg production and space utilization. Expand