Effusive natrocarbonatite activity of Oldoinyo Lengai, June 1988

@article{Keller1990EffusiveNA,
  title={Effusive natrocarbonatite activity of Oldoinyo Lengai, June 1988},
  author={J{\"o}rg Keller and Maurice Krafft},
  journal={Bulletin of Volcanology},
  year={1990},
  volume={52},
  pages={629-645}
}
Oldoinyo Lengai in the Tanzanian rift valley is the only active carbonatite volcano in the world and its natrocarbonatitic lavas are unique in composition. The characteristics of effusive natrocarbonatite activity in June 1988 were studied and fresh samples were directly collected from active carbonatitic lava lakes and flows. Analyses of these samples provide the first information on natrocarbonatites since these unusual volcanic rock type was first described from the 1960–1961 eruptions. The… 
Geochemistry and petrogenetic significance of natrocarbonatites at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania: Composition of lavas from 1988 to 2007
Abstract The natrocarbonatites of Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania, are unique in magmatic petrology. The historical activity of Oldoinyo Lengai has seen changes from nephelinitic to natrocarbonatitic
Fundamental changes in the activity of the natrocarbonatite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania
With a paroxysmal ash eruption on 4 September 2007 and the highly explosive activity continuing in 2008, Oldoinyo Lengai (OL) has dramatically changed its behavior, crater morphology, and magma
An ephemeral pentasodium phosphate carbonate from natrocarbonatite lapilli, Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania
Abstract Lapilli formed by a Strombolian eruption are associated with the formation of a large lava flow of natrocarbonatite on or about 21-22 July, 2000 at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania. Fresh
Differentiation of natrocarbonatite magma at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania
Abstract Natrocarbonatite magma, erupted as lava flows in the Tanzanian volcano Oldoinyo Lengai in June and November of 1988, has evolved chemically since its formation. The June and November flows
Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania
Abstract The minerals of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite lavas are unstable under atmospheric conditions. Subsolidus mineral assemblages in natrocarbonatites were studied in 105 samples from
Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality?
Abstract The Tinderet volcano (19.9 to 5.5 Ma), located within the Kavirondo rift in Kenya, contains blocks of carbonatite lavas with calcite, minor apatite, fluorite, spinel-group minerals,
Evolution of Natrocarbonatite from a Wollastonite Nephelinite Parent: Evidence from the June, 1993 Eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania
Lapilli and unusually thick, high viscosity lavas extruded from Oldoinyo Lengai in June, 1993 are composed of crystal-rich natrocarbonatite containing a small proportion of porphyritic silicate
Experimental constraints on the crystallization of natrocarbonatitic lava flows
Natrocarbonatitic magmas are characterized by their extremely low viscosities and fast elemental diffusion, and as a consequence of this, their chemistry and crystallinity can change significantly
Carbonatite and highly peralkaline nephelinite melts from Oldoinyo Lengai Volcano, Tanzania: The role of natrite-normative fluid degassing
Abstract Oldoinyo Lengai, located in the Gregory Rift in Tanzania, is a world-famous volcano owing to its uniqueness in producing natrocarbonatite melts and because of its extremely high CO2 flux.
Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi Volcano, Northern Tanzania
The extinct Quaternary Kerimasi volcano located in the southern part of the Gregory Rift, northern Tanzania, contains both intrusive and extrusive calciocarbonatites. One carbonate mineral with a
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Temperature Measurements in Carbonatite Lava Lakes and Flows from Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania
TLDR
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Alkali carbonatite lavas extruded from Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania, in November 1988 are similar in composition to lavas extruded in 1960. Extrusion temperatures are 585 ±10 °C. Apparent viscosities in
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