Effort and valuation in the brain: the effects of anticipation and execution.

@article{Kurniawan2013EffortAV,
  title={Effort and valuation in the brain: the effects of anticipation and execution.},
  author={Irma Triasih Kurniawan and Marc Guitart-Masip and Peter Dayan and Raymond J. Dolan},
  journal={The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience},
  year={2013},
  volume={33 14},
  pages={6160-9}
}
Neural representations of the effort deployed in performing actions, and the valence of the outcomes they yield, form the foundation of action choice. To discover whether brain areas represent effort and outcome valence together or if they represent one but not the other, we examined these variables in an explicitly orthogonal way. We did this by asking human subjects to exert one of two levels of effort to improve their chances of either winning or avoiding the loss of money. Subjects… CONTINUE READING
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