Efficient measurement of quantum gate error by interleaved randomized benchmarking.

@article{Magesan2012EfficientMO,
  title={Efficient measurement of quantum gate error by interleaved randomized benchmarking.},
  author={E. Magesan and J. Gambetta and B. Johnson and C. Ryan and J. Chow and S. Merkel and M. P. da Silva and G. Keefe and M. B. Rothwell and T. Ohki and M. Ketchen and M. Steffen},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2012},
  volume={109 8},
  pages={
          080505
        }
}
We describe a scalable experimental protocol for estimating the average error of individual quantum computational gates. This protocol consists of interleaving random Clifford gates between the gate of interest and provides an estimate as well as theoretical bounds for the average error of the gate under test, so long as the average noise variation over all Clifford gates is small. This technique takes into account both state preparation and measurement errors and is scalable in the number of… Expand
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