Efficient and Compact Light-Intensity Modulators for High Frequencies and High Bitrates


Electroabsorption modulators (EAM) based on quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) in multiple-quantum wells (MQW) have been demonstrated to provide high-speed, low drive voltage, and high extinction ratio. They are compact in size and can be monolithically integrated with source lasers. In order to achieve both high speed and low drive-voltage operation… (More)


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