# Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score

@article{Hirano2000EfficientEO, title={Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score}, author={K. Hirano and G. Imbens and G. Ridder}, journal={Econometrics eJournal}, year={2000} }

We are interested in estimating the average effect of a binary treatment on a scalar outcome. If assignment to the treatment is independent of the potential outcomes given pretreatment variables, biases associated with simple treatment-control average comparisons can be removed by adjusting for differences in the pre-treatment variables. Rosenbaum and Rubin (1983, 1984) show that adjusting solely for differences between treated and control units in a scalar function of the pre-treatment, the… Expand

#### Topics from this paper

#### 2,072 Citations

The Value of Knowing the Propensity Score for Estimating Average Treatment Effects

- Mathematics
- 2016

7- PDF

Propensity score specification for optimal estimation of average treatment effect with binary response

- Mathematics, Medicine
- Statistical methods in medical research
- 2020

Efficient propensity score regression estimators of multivalued treatment effects for the treated

- Mathematics
- 2018

15 Highly Influenced- PDF

Efficient Propensity Score Regression Estimators of Multivalued Treatment Effects for the Treated

- 2017

Highly Influenced

An alternative robust estimator of average treatment effect in causal inference.

- Computer Science, Medicine
- Biometrics
- 2018

6 Highly Influenced- PDF

Correlation and efficiency of propensity score-based estimators for average causal effects

- Mathematics, Computer Science
- Commun. Stat. Simul. Comput.
- 2017

23- PDF

Propensity score weighting analysis and treatment effect discovery

- Mathematics, Medicine
- Statistical methods in medical research
- 2018

20

#### References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 81 REFERENCES

The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects

- Mathematics, Business
- 1983

22,821 Highly Influential- PDF

On the Role of the Propensity Score in Efficient Semiparametric Estimation of Average Treatment Effects

- Economics
- 1998

788 Highly Influential- PDF

Characterizing the effect of matching using linear propensity score methods with normal distributions

- Mathematics
- 1992

175

Reducing Bias in Observational Studies Using Subclassification on the Propensity Score

- Mathematics
- 1984

3,554

Estimating exposure effects by modelling the expectation of exposure conditional on confounders.

- Mathematics, Medicine
- Biometrics
- 1992

300- PDF

Matching using estimated propensity scores: relating theory to practice.

- Computer Science, Medicine
- Biometrics
- 1996

1,119