Efficacy of treatments for anxiety disorders: a meta-analysis

  title={Efficacy of treatments for anxiety disorders: a meta-analysis},
  author={Borwin Bandelow and Markus Reitt and Christian R{\"o}ver and Sophie Michaelis and Yvonne G{\"o}rlich and Dirk Wedekind},
  journal={International Clinical Psychopharmacology},
To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia). Pre–post and treated versus control effect sizes (ES) were calculated for all evaluable randomized-controlled studies (n=234), involving 37 333 patients. Medications were associated with a significantly higher average pre–post ES [Cohen’s d=2.02 (1.90–2.15… 
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