Efficacy of the eye movement desensitization procedure in the treatment of traumatic memories

  title={Efficacy of the eye movement desensitization procedure in the treatment of traumatic memories},
  author={Francine Shapiro},
  journal={Journal of Traumatic Stress},
  • F. Shapiro
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress
The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the recently developed Eye Movement Desensitization (EMD) procedure on traumatic memory symptomatology. Twenty-two subjects suffering from symptoms related to traumatic memories were used in the study. All had been victims of traumatic incidents concerning the Vietnam War, childhood sexual molestation, sexual or physical assault, or emotional abuse. Memories of the traumatic incident were pivotal to the presenting complaints which… 
Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder
The purpose of the present study is to examine the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The Effects of the EMDR Group Traumatic Episode Protocol With Cancer Survivors
  • A. Roberts
  • Psychology
    The Journal of EMDR Practice and Research
  • 2018
The purpose of this pre-experimental case study was to explore the efficacy and safety of the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Group Traumatic Episode Protocol (G-TEP) in the
The Efficacy of EMDR in the Treatment of Depression
This study investigated the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapy in treating the primary diagnosis of major depressive disorder by processing past or present
EMDR Treatment of Recent Trauma
  • E. Shapiro
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of EMDR Practice and Research
  • 2009
Current thinking and findings about early psychological intervention following recent traumatic events are presented and the status of early EMDR intervention (EEI) concepts and research are examined.
Use of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on Tsunami Victims with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Indonesia
EMDR was used in students who diagnosed with PTSD, and the results suggested that EMDR was effective in reducing PTSD.
Traumatic memories, eye movements, phobia, and panic: a critical note on the proliferation of EMDR.
The world is a scary place? INvestigating Treatments and Assessment for Children after Trauma
This dissertation provides new insights about treatments and assessment for children who experienced traumatic events. We investigated the comparative effectiveness of Trauma-Focused Cognitive


Reciprocal inhibition as the main basis of psychotherapeutic effects.
  • J. Wolpe
  • Psychology
    A.M.A. archives of neurology and psychiatry
  • 1954
Evidence is presented in support of the view that neurotic behavior is persistent unadaptive learned behavior in which anxiety is almost always prominent and which is acquired in anxiety-generating situations.
Emotional processing of fear: exposure to corrective information.
Mechanisms that govern the processing of emotional information, particularly those involved in fear reduction, are proposed and applications to therapeutic practice and to the broader study of psychopathology are discussed.
Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition
  • J. Wolpe
  • Psychology
    Conditional reflex
  • 1968
A variety of the techniques based on reciprocal inhibition, such as systematic desensitization, avoidance conditioning, and the use of assertion, are described in detail.
Autonomic correlates of the subjective anxiety scale.
Symptom development in Vietnam era veterans.
A questionnaire and symptom checklist was obtained from 207 veterans and significant differences in the mean number of symptoms were found between the combat and non-combat groups.
A Bio‐Informational Theory of Emotional Imagery
A theory of emotional imagery is described which conceives the image in the brain to be a conceptual network, controlling specific somatovisceral patterns, and constituting a prototype for overt
Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes
ONE is often grateful for the existence of general surveys which are written for international congresses or commemorative volumes. They provide excellent opportunities of summarizing a subject in a