Efficacy of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis.

@article{Aleman2007EfficacyOS,
  title={Efficacy of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Andr{\'e} Aleman and Iris E. Sommer and Ren{\'e} S. Kahn},
  journal={The Journal of clinical psychiatry},
  year={2007},
  volume={68 3},
  pages={
          416-21
        }
}
OBJECTIVE Slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), at a frequency of 1 Hz, has been proposed as a treatment for auditory hallucinations. Several studies have now been reported regarding the efficacy of TMS treatment, but results were inconsistent. Therefore, meta-analytic integration of the published trials is needed to evaluate the prospects of this new treatment. DATA SOURCES A literature search was conducted using PubMed and Web of Science for the years 1966 until February… 
Experimental Somatic Treatments: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations – A Meta-Analysis and Review
Since 1999, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been investigated as a treatment method for auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). In this chapter, an up-to-date meta-analysis is
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenic patients
TLDR
Using rTMS to treat auditory hallucinations now seems less promising than it did 10 years ago because of the variable clinical effects and the high level of placebo responders.
Should We Treat Auditory Hallucinations with Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation? A Metaanalysis
TLDR
It is found that low-frequency rTMS over the left temporoparietal cortex has a medium ES action on medication-resistant AH, which has implications for understanding the pathophysiology of psychotic symptoms (specifically AH) and supports the use of rT MS as a complementary treatment approach in patients suffering from treatment- resistant AH.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treating the symptoms of schizophrenia: A PRISMA compliant meta-analysis
Placebo Response in Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Trials of Treatment of Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
The results demonstrate that placebo effect should be considered a major source of bias in the assessment of rTMS efficacy, and fundamentally inform the design of further controlled studies, particularly with respect to studies of r TMS treatment in psychiatry.
Gr upSM Use of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Schizophrenia
In this chapter, we explore the evidence concerning the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat schizophrenia. The majority of protocols have utilized lowfrequency
...
...

References

Efficacy of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia : a meta - analysis