Efficacy of intra-articular bupivacaine, ropivacaine, or a combination of ropivacaine, morphine, and ketorolac on postoperative pain relief after ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgery: a randomized double-blind study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Effective pain relief is important after diagnostic and therapeutic arthroscopic knee surgery to permit early discharge and improve comfort and mobility at home. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of bupivacaine, ropivacaine, or a combination of ropivacaine, morphine, and ketorolac injected intra-articularly for postoperative pain… (More)

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@article{Ng2006EfficacyOI, title={Efficacy of intra-articular bupivacaine, ropivacaine, or a combination of ropivacaine, morphine, and ketorolac on postoperative pain relief after ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgery: a randomized double-blind study.}, author={Huey-Ping Ng and Ulf Nordstr{\"{o}m and Kjell Axelsson and Andrea Davide Perniola and Ekb{\"a}ck Gustav and Lars Ryttberg and Anil Gupta}, journal={Regional anesthesia and pain medicine}, year={2006}, volume={31 1}, pages={26-33} }