Efficacy of five selected acaricides against Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and their side effects on relevant natural enemies occurring in citrus orchards.

@article{Urbaneja2008EfficacyOF,
  title={Efficacy of five selected acaricides against Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and their side effects on relevant natural enemies occurring in citrus orchards.},
  author={A. Urbaneja and S. Pascual-Ruiz and T. Pina and R. Abad-Moyano and P. Vanaclocha and H. Mont{\'o}n and {\'O}. Dembilio and P. Castañera and J. Jacas},
  journal={Pest management science},
  year={2008},
  volume={64 8},
  pages={
          834-42
        }
}
BACKGROUND Three groups of natural enemies are fundamental in citrus IPM in Spain: coccinellid and phytoseiid predators and hymenopteran parasitoids. Tetranychus urticae Koch is an important pest affecting citrus, for which biological control has not yet been achieved; therefore, acaricides are commonly used to control it. The goal of this study was to measure the efficacy of different acaricides on this mite and their side effects on three natural enemies relevant for citrus (Cryptolaemus… Expand
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Phytoseiulus persimilis was highly effective in reducing both T. urticae infestations and the damage level inflicted on plants at both release rates evaluated and all three periods considered, while N. californicus demonstrated low performance under certain conditions. Expand
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It is concluded that superiority of E. stipulatus in intraguild interactions may indeed contribute to the currently observed predator species composition and abundance, rendering natural control of T. urticae in Spanish clementine orchards unsatisfactory. Expand
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