Efficacy of etoposide and mitoxantrone in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia refractory to standard induction therapy and intermediate-dose cytarabine with amsidine. Dutch Hematology-Oncology Working Group for Adults (HOVON).

Abstract

Thirty-seven newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were not in complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy with cytarabine and daunorubicin followed by intermediate-dose cytarabine and amsacrine, were treated with mitoxantrone and etoposide in a prospective, open multicenter study. The aim was to examine the efficacy and the toxicity of mitoxantrone and etoposide in a patient population with bad prognosis because of refractoriness to two standardized induction courses. Twelve patients attained CR (32.4%). Responders were found only among the patients with documented susceptibility (i.e. partial remission) to the previous therapy. In responding patients the median remission duration and disease-free survival was 15+ months (range 3-52+). Toxicity was mainly hematologic and characterized by prolonged hypoplasia; one patient died in aplasia. Granulocytes and platelets recovered unexpectedly early in six of 22 non-responders. This study suggests that AML patients refractory to two standardized chemotherapy courses can still attain a durable CR after an additional course, here with mitoxantrone and etoposide, provided they show some responsiveness to the previously given cytostatic drugs.

050100150'97'99'01'03'05'07'09'11'13'15'17
Citations per Year

265 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 265 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Daenen1994EfficacyOE, title={Efficacy of etoposide and mitoxantrone in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia refractory to standard induction therapy and intermediate-dose cytarabine with amsidine. Dutch Hematology-Oncology Working Group for Adults (HOVON).}, author={S M G J Daenen and Bob L{\"{o}wenberg and P. Sonneveld and Wim L J van Putten and G E G Verhoef and Leo F. Verdonck and Marc van Veldhoven and P C Huijgens}, journal={Leukemia}, year={1994}, volume={8 1}, pages={6-10} }