Efficacy of an animal-activated frightening device on urban elk and mule deer

@inproceedings{Vercauteren2005EfficacyOA,
  title={Efficacy of an animal-activated frightening device on urban elk and mule deer},
  author={K. Vercauteren and J. Shivik and M. Lavelle},
  year={2005}
}
Abstract Cervids readily adapt to suitable human-altered landscapes and can cause several types of damage, including economic loss associated with landscape and agricultural plantings, human health and safety concerns, and adverse impacts on natural habitats. The need for effective, practical, and nonlethal tools to manage damage caused by elk (Cervus elaphus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) has been heightened by the growing prevalence of… Expand
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