Efficacy of Two Lion Conservation Programs in Maasailand, Kenya

  title={Efficacy of Two Lion Conservation Programs in Maasailand, Kenya},
  author={Leela Hazzah and Stephanie Dolrenry and Lisa Naughton and Charles Thomas Thesen Edwards and Ogeto Mwebi and Fiachra Kearney and Laurence G. Frank},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
Lion (Panthera leo) populations are in decline throughout most of Africa. [] Key Method Using 8 years of lion killing data, we applied Manski's partial identification approach with bounded assumptions to investigate the effect of conservation treatment on lion killing in 4 contiguous areas. In 3 of the areas, conservation treatment was positively associated with a reduction in lion killing. We then applied a generalized linear model to assess the relative efficacy of the 2 interventions. The model estimated…

The Decline in the Lion Population in Africa and Possible Mitigation Measures

The African lion Panthera leo is under threat. Over the last century the lion has lost about 82 % of its former distribution range, and recent estimates suggest that there are 23,000–38,000

Lion (Panthera leo) ecology and survival in protected areas of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is renowned for its cultural and biological diversity and covers an important share of lion habitat in Africa, providing connectivity between East and Central Africa. The aim of this study

A culture of tolerance: coexisting with large carnivores in the Kafa Highlands, Ethiopia

Abstract We assessed losses of livestock to lions Panthera leo and leopards Panthera pardus in the Adiyo and Gimbo districts in Kafa Biosphere Reserve, Ethiopia. We quantified the economic impact,

Lion conservation in Maasailand: response to Hazzah et al. 2014

  • P. Dyson
  • Environmental Science
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2015
Evaluation of conservation initiatives is critically important for maximizing conservation success. However, comprehensive, externally conducted, peer-reviewed evaluations are rare, and conclusions

Evidence of a further emerging threat to lion conservation; targeted poaching for body parts

The African lion, Panthera leo, has, like many of the world’s megafauna, become threatened with extinction over the past century. Loss of habitat and prey, persecution in retaliation of livestock

Effectiveness of community-based livestock protection strategies: a case study of human–lion conflict mitigation

Abstract Conservation scientists are increasingly recognizing the need to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to improve human–wildlife coexistence across different contexts. Here we assessed

Ecological Doctors in Maasailand: Identifying Herding Best Practices to Improve Livestock Management and Reduce Carnivore Conflict

Ilkisonko Maasai pastoralists in the Amboseli ecosystem of southern Kenya earn livestock-based livelihoods in a difficult environment exacerbated by a range of challenges. In this setting, many

Financial compensation for damage to livestock by lions Panthera leo on community rangelands in Kenya

Abstract Compensation schemes can contribute to equitable sharing of benefits from wildlife. We describe a scheme that uses tourist fees for partial and conditional compensation of damage to

Anthropogenic disturbance induces opposing population trends in spotted hyenas and African lions

Large carnivore populations are declining worldwide due to direct and indirect conflicts with humans. Protected areas are critical for conserving large carnivores, but increasing human-wildlife

Conservation and monitoring of a persecuted African lion population by Maasai warriors

Traditional Maasai warriors are engaged in community-based conservation and demographic monitoring of a persecuted African lion population through direct engagement and it is shown that data quality and quantity improved with the involvement and training of the participants.



The Role of Incentive Programs in Conserving the Snow Leopard

Abstract:  Pastoralists and their livestock share much of the habitat of the snow leopard (Uncia uncia) across south and central Asia. The levels of livestock predation by the snow leopard and other

Beyond ritual and economics: Maasai lion hunting and conservation politics

Abstract Populations of the African lion Panthera leo are declining dramatically, with the species’ survival in some areas closely linked to levels of tolerance by rural communities. In Tanzania and

The size of savannah Africa: a lion’s (Panthera leo) view

We define African savannahs as being those areas that receive between 300 and 1,500 mm of rain annually. This broad definition encompasses a variety of habitats. Thus defined, savannahs comprise 13.5

A exploração da fauna silvestre no Brasil: Jacarés, sistemas e recursos humanos

Wildlife management and conservation usually require case-by-case studies because populations - not species - should in most cases be the management unit. In Brazil, the lack of a specific

Eco-bursaries as incentives for conservation around Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya

SUMMARY Incentives used to encourage local residents to support conservation range from integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs), which indirectly connect improved livelihoods with

Linking Snow Leopard Conservation and People-Wildlife Conflict Resolution: Grassroots Measures to Protect the Endangered Snow Leopard from Herder Retribution

Livestock depredation has become a significant problem across the snow leopard's (Panthera uncia) range in Central Asia, being most severe in and near protected areas. Such predation, especially

Livestock predation by lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, and their vulnerability to retaliatory killing in the Maasai steppe, Tanzania

The African lion Panthera leo, spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta and leopard Panthera pardus are all killed in retaliation for livestock predation, but each species suffers differently from these impacts