Efficacy of Sensory and Motor Interventions for Children with Autism

  title={Efficacy of Sensory and Motor Interventions for Children with Autism},
  author={Grace T. Baranek},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  • G. Baranek
  • Published 1 October 2002
  • Psychology, Medicine, Biology
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Idiosyncratic responses to sensory stimuli and unusual motor patterns have been reported clinically in young children with autism. The etiology of these behavioral features is the subject of much speculation. Myriad sensory- and motor-based interventions have evolved for use with children with autism to address such issues; however, much controversy exists about the efficacy of such therapies. This review paper summarizes the sensory and motor difficulties often manifested in autism, and… 

Effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders: a pilot study.

This pilot study established a model for randomized controlled trial research, identified appropriate outcome measures, and addressed the effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Motor skill in autism spectrum disorders: a subcortical view.

A Sensory Integration Therapy Program on Sensory Problems for Children with Autism

Investigation of the effect of a sensory integration therapy program on sensory problems of children with autism indicated that the sensory integration Therapy program positively affected treated children.

Motor function in children with Autism spectrum disorders

Using child friendly interactive virtual environments, motor function as children performed dynamic tasks, such as pointing, reaching, standing balance and walking was evaluated as markers for screening/diagnosis of ASD.

Sensory symptoms in autism spectrum disorders.

The aim of this review is to summarize the recent literature regarding abnormalities in sensory functioning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including evidence regarding the

Novel Treatment for Improvement of Sensory-Motor, Function and Emotional Behavior of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A History Case Report

The OUG was found to be useful in improving sensory-motor functions and emotional behaviors of a child with ASD, and its findings provide a possible support to the introduction of orthotic undergarment as a part of individually tailored physical therapy interventions for the child with autism.

Response to Systematic Review of Sensory Integration Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorders

It is concluded that SIT has, “no consistently positive effects as a treatment for children with ASD,” and is thereby casting SIT in a negative light.

Occupational Therapy in Autism

Assessing sensory integrative functioning in children with autism is critical for planning and implementing effective intervention in occupational therapy and problems are observed in coordination, posture and balance control, locomotion and motor preparation in individuals with autism.



Oral-Motor and Motor-Speech Characteristics of Children with Autism

The purpose of this study was to examine the oral-motor and motor-speech characteristics of young children with autism. Four children with autism and four nonautistic children served as participants

Sensory modulation of auditory stimuli in children with Autism And Receptive Developmental Language Disorder: Event-related brain potential evidence

Results of Experiment 1 provide partial support for the idea that both clinical groups failed to fully process changes in stimulus intensity as indexed by the N1 component.

The long-term effects of auditory training on children with autism

  • S. Bettison
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1996
Findings suggest that some aspect of both auditory training and listening to selected unmodified music may have a beneficial effect on children with autism and sound sensitivity, and indicate a need for further research into the effects that led to these changes and the mechanisms involved in the sensory abnormalities commonly associated with autism.

Brief Report: Autistic Children's Attentiveness and Responsivity Improve After Touch Therapy

The effects of touch therapy on three problems commonly associated with autism including inattentiveness (off-task behavior), touch aversion, and withdrawal are investigated.

Autism During Infancy: A Retrospective Video Analysis of Sensory-Motor and Social Behaviors at 9–12 Months of Age

  • G. Baranek
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1999
The findings indicate that subtle symptoms of autism are present at 9–12 months, and suggest that early assessment procedures need to consider sensory processing/sensory-motor functions in addition to social responses during infancy.

The Efficacy of Sensory Integration Therapy for Children with Learning Disability

After recieving 24 one-hour weekly sessions of therapy, SI-treated subjects made significant gains over the other two groups in selected aspects of sensorimotor functioning that showed some consistency with SI theory.

Outcomes for Children with Autism

It is suggested that there are multiple means to achieve promising outcomes for young children with autism and to expand the discussion of appropriate early childhood services for children with Autism.

Patterns of adaptive behavior in very young children with autism.

Preliminary support for the utility of adaptive behavior profiles in identifying subgroups of children with autism is provided and results are discussed in terms of their implications for early diagnosis of autism.

Auditory integration training for children with autism: no behavioral benefits detected.

Children's IQs and language comprehension did not increase, but adaptive/social behavior scores and expressive language quotients decreased, and the majority of parents were unable to report in retrospect when their child had received auditory integration training.

Empirically supported comprehensive treatments for young children with autism.

  • S. Rogers
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child psychology
  • 1998
The criteria for empirically supported treatments, as described by Lonigan, Elbert, and Johnson (this issue), were applied to reports of eight treatment efficacy studies published in peer-reviewed journals.