Efficacy of Mucosal Adjuvants on Induction of Systemic Immune Responses to Newcastle Disease Vaccine Strain

Abstract

Intranasal immunization of broiler chicks with lentogenic ‘F’ strain of Newcastle disease incorporating or lacking mucosal adjuvants viz., Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB), heat labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (LT) and a lipoidal amine adjuvant, averidine (Avr) was carried out. Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests and indirect ELISA were done to… (More)

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