Efficacy of Clostridium botulinum types C and D toxoid vaccination in Danish cows.

@article{Krueger2013EfficacyOC,
  title={Efficacy of Clostridium botulinum types C and D toxoid vaccination in Danish cows.},
  author={Monika Krueger and Marie Skau and Awad Ali Shehata and Wieland Schroedl},
  journal={Anaerobe},
  year={2013},
  volume={23},
  pages={97-101}
}
In the present study the efficacy Botulism vaccine (formalinised aluminum hydroxide gel adsorbed toxoid of Clostridium botulinum types C and D) was evaluated in four Danish dairy cows under field conditions. Other four dairy herds were unvaccinated. Blood serum of all animals was analyzed for specific C. botulinum types A, B, C, D and E antibodies using a developed ELISA. Feces of all animals were analyzed for botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) and C. botulinum spores. C. botulinum types C and D… CONTINUE READING

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