Efficacy of Brain–Computer Interface and the Impact of Its Design Characteristics on Poststroke Upper-limb Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

  title={Efficacy of Brain–Computer Interface and the Impact of Its Design Characteristics on Poststroke Upper-limb Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials},
  author={Salem Mansour and Kai Keng Ang and Krishnan Padmakumari Sivaraman Nair and Kok Soon Phua and Mahnaz Arvaneh},
  journal={Clinical EEG and Neuroscience},
  pages={79 - 90}
Background. A number of recent randomized controlled trials reported the efficacy of brain–computer interface (BCI) for upper-limb stroke rehabilitation compared with other therapies. Despite the encouraging results reported, there is a significant variance in the reported outcomes. This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of different BCI designs on poststroke upper-limb rehabilitation. Methods. The effect sizes of pooled and individual studies were assessed by computing Hedge’s g… 

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