Efficacy and safety of catnip (Nepeta cataria) as a novel filth fly repellent *

@article{Zhu2009EfficacyAS,
  title={Efficacy and safety of catnip (Nepeta cataria) as a novel filth fly repellent *},
  author={J. J. Zhu and XP. Zeng and D. Berkebile and Hong-jian Du and Y. Tong and K. Qian},
  journal={Medical and Veterinary Entomology},
  year={2009},
  volume={23}
}
Catnip (Nepeta cataria) is known for its pseudo‐narcotic effects on cats. Recently, it has been reported as an effective mosquito repellent against several Aedes and Culex species, both topically and spatially. Our laboratory bioassays showed that catnip essential oil (at a dosage of 20 mg) resulted in average repellency rates of 96% against stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) and 79% against houseflies, Musca domestica (L.), respectively. This finding suggested that the application of… Expand
Nepetalactones from essential oil of Nepeta cataria represent a stable fly feeding and oviposition repellent
TLDR
Catnip oil demonstrated strong repellency against stable flies relative to other chemicals for repelling biting insects, including isolongifolenone, 2‐methylpiperidinyl‐3‐cyclohexen‐1‐carboxamide and (1S,2′S)‐2‐methyl piperidyl‐3-cyclo hexen‐ 1‐car boxamide. Expand
Repellency Assessment of Nepeta cataria Essential Oils and Isolated Nepetalactones on Aedes aegypti
TLDR
At the lowest concentrations tested, the nepetalactones and crude essential oil samples were more effective than DEET at reducing the number of mosquito landings. Expand
Repellency of a wax-based catnip-oil formulation against stable flies.
TLDR
This is the first study demonstrating the potential application of a plant-based repellent formulation that may be used as an alternative method against stable flies. Expand
Lethal and Repellent Effects of the Botanical p-Anisaldehyde on Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)
TLDR
It is demonstrated that p-anisaldehyde is strongly bioactive against M. domestica in terms of lethal and nonlethal effects. Expand
Better than DEET Repellent Compounds Derived from Coconut Oil
Hematophagous arthropods are capable of transmitting human and animal pathogens worldwide. Vector-borne diseases account for 17% of all infectious diseases resulting in 700,000 human deaths annually.Expand
Further insecticidal activities of essential oils from Lippia sidoides and Croton species against Aedes aegypti L.
TLDR
The results indicate that these oils are promising sources of bioactive compounds, showing low or no toxicity to mammals. Expand
Pharmacology and Toxicology of Nepeta cataria (Catmint) Species of Genus Nepeta: A Review
TLDR
The extensive use of Nepeta cataria in folk medicine has justified its position as a key plant for genus Nepeta and its applications in pharmacology, and a sizable number of phytochemicals have been isolated till date. Expand
Evaluation of Lotions of Botanical-Based Repellents Against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
TLDR
Future potential for these botanical product-based repellents as alternatives to commercial DEET-containing products is suggested. Expand
Contact and fumigant toxicity of a botanical-based feeding deterrent of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae).
TLDR
It is demonstrated that catnip oil has both contact and fumigant toxicity against the stable fly and thus has the potential as an alternative for stable fly control. Expand
Repellency of α-pinene against the house fly, Musca domestica.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that α-pinene exhibits natural baseline repellency against the house fly, elicits a specific physiological response in this fly, and that functional or structural modification of 1 in particular may yield novel fly repellents with desirable properties. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Adult Repellency and Larvicidal Activity of Five Plant Essential Oils Against Mosquitoes
TLDR
Thyme oil had the highest effectiveness in repelling this species, but the repellency duration was only 2 h, and catnip oil seemed to be the most effective and provided 6-h protection at both concentrations tested. Expand
Catnip, Nepeta cataria (Lamiales: Lamiaceae)—A Closer Look: Seasonal Occurrence of Nepetalactone Isomers and Comparative Repellency of Three Terpenoids to Insects
TLDR
Comparisons to current commercial repellents found both the catnip steam distillate and elemol to be as good, and in some cases better, at repelling house flies and cockroaches than N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) or citronellal. Expand
Repellency of essential oils to mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae).
  • D. Barnard
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of medical entomology
  • 1999
TLDR
The repellency of different concentrations and combinations of 5 essential oils to Aedes aegypti and Anopheles albimanus Wiedemann when applied to human skin was determined in laboratory tests. Expand
Insect repellents. What really works?
TLDR
It is shown that retroviral vectors could be used to integrate and express foreign genes in the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and concomitant use of these two agents provides superior protection. Expand
Comparison of Contact and Spatial Repellency of Catnip Oil and N,N-Diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (Deet) Against Mosquitoes
TLDR
Catnip oil and deet were both weakly attractive to Ae. Expand
Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites
TLDR
Undiluted oils of Cymbopogon nardus (citronella), Pogostemon cablin (patchuli), Syzygium aromaticum (clove) and Zanthoxylum limonella (Thai name: makaen) were the most effective and provided 2 h of complete repellency. Expand
Insect repellents of natural origin: catnip and osage orange
TLDR
The fruit of the osage orange tree, Maclura pomifera (Raf ) Schneid (Moraceae), has long been thought to be repellent to insects, and repellency of fruit extracts to the maize weevil is confirmed. Expand
A New Module for Quantitative Evaluation of Repellent Efficacy Using Human Subjects
TLDR
The new module consists of 6 test cells and permits the simultaneous comparison of up to 5 repellent doses or chemical types and a control using a complete randomized block design with minimal treatment interaction and with ≥6 replicates per human subject. Expand
BOTANICAL INSECTICIDES , DETERRENTS , AND REPELLENTS IN MODERN AGRICULTURE AND AN INCREASINGLY REGULATED WORLD
■ Abstract Botanical insecticides have long been touted as attractive alternatives to synthetic chemical insecticides for pest management because botanicals reputedly pose little threat to theExpand
Role of repellents in vector control and disease prevention.
TLDR
A coordinated effort among different research groups associated with advances in the science of insect repellent such as mode of action information, doses of repellents to generate threshold level responses and controlled release delivery mechanisms, may help in understanding the mechanisms by which repellented work. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...