Efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine as an additive for paediatric caudal anaesthesia: a quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

@article{Schnabel2011EfficacyAA,
  title={Efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine as an additive for paediatric caudal anaesthesia: a quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials.},
  author={Alexander Schnabel and Daniel Matthias P{\"o}pping and Peter R Kranke and Peter K. Zahn and Esther Pogatzki-Zahn},
  journal={British journal of anaesthesia},
  year={2011},
  volume={107 4},
  pages={601-11}
}
BACKGROUND The aim of this quantitative systematic review was to assess the efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine added to caudal local anaesthetics in comparison with local anaesthetics alone in children undergoing urological, lower abdominal, or lower limb surgery. METHODS The systematic search, data extraction, critical appraisal, and pooled data analysis were performed according to the PRISMA statement. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in this meta-analysis and… CONTINUE READING