Efferent manifestations of multiple sclerosis.


PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review the various efferent visual system disorders associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). RECENT FINDINGS Studies have supported the use of internuclear ophthalmoplegia, a model to study effects of fatigue and heat in MS patients. SUMMARY There are a host of efferent ocular manifestations that can present throughout the course of… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/ICU.0b013e328358e0e5


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