Cerebral state index versus bispectral index during propofol–fentanyl–nitrous oxide anesthesia
BACKGROUND The search for a drug-independent monitor to determine depth of anaesthesia and hypnosis continues. The bispectral analysis (BIS) of the EEG correlates well with the clinical dose-response of hypnotic drugs during induction, but the effect on BIS of an opiate induction, as for coronary bypass surgery, is not known. METHODS Fourteen patients scheduled for elective coronary bypass surgery were studied. BIS was recorded during induction in 7 patients receiving 10 microg/kg fentanyl without any hypnotic agent and in 7 patients receiving 0.5 mg/kg propofol before the fentanyl dose. RESULTS The effect of fentanyl was very variable both regarding BIS and clinical response. Five of the 7 patients that received only fentanyl lost their response to verbal command within 8 min. BIS values at loss of response varied between 45 and 94. One patient remained awake with BIS 43. All 7 patients receiving propofol before the fentanyl dose lost their response to verbal command within 5 min. BIS values at the time for loss of response varied between 78 and 98. CONCLUSION Loss of response to verbal command when a medium-high dose of fentanyl is used for induction cannot be distinguished from wakefulness with adequate sensitivity by BIS. The current BIS algorithm seems not to accurately reflect the hypnotic effects of fentanyl.