Effects on plasma lipids and fatty acid composition of very low fat diets enriched with fish or kangaroo meat

@article{Sinclair2006EffectsOP,
  title={Effects on plasma lipids and fatty acid composition of very low fat diets enriched with fish or kangaroo meat},
  author={Andrew J Sinclair and Kerin O'dea and Graeme A. Dunstan and Paul D. Ireland and Margaret Niall},
  journal={Lipids},
  year={2006},
  volume={22},
  pages={523-529}
}
The effects of very low fat diets (<7% energy) enriched with different sources of long chain (C20 and C22) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on plasma lipid levels and plasma fatty acids (PUFA) on plasma lipid levels and plasma fatty acid composition were studied in 13 healthy volunteers. Three diets provided 500 g/day of tropical Australian fish (rich in arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid), southern Australian fish (rich in docosahexaenoic acid) or kangaroo meat (rich in linoleic and… Expand

Paper Mentions

The effect of dietary fat level and quality on plasma lipoprotein lipids and plasma fatty acids in normocholesterolemic subjects
TLDR
Although the VLF vegetarian diet reduced both LDL- and HDL-cholesterol levels, the long-term effects of VF diets are unlikely to be deteterious since populations which habitually consume these diets have low rates of coronary heart disease. Expand
Diets rich in lean beef increase arachidonic acid and long-chain ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in plasma phospholipids
TLDR
The results showed that diets rich in lean beef increased the 20∶3ω6, 20∵4ω6 and the long-chain ω3 PUFA levels in the plasma PL and a high level of linoleic acid in diets richin lean beef prevented the rise in the Plasma level of 20∴3ω 6 and 20∷5ω3, two fatty acids known to antagonize the effects of 20⩽2ω6 on platelet aggregation. Expand
Dietary manipulation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the retina and brain of guinea pigs
TLDR
The data suggest that the guinea pig has a reduced capacity for DHA synthesis from α-linolenic acid as compared with other mammals and Supplementation of guinea pigs diets with fish oil produced high retinal and brain DHA levels and prevented the accumulation of 22∶5n−6. Expand
Consumption of Red Meat, but Not Cooking Oils High in Polyunsaturated Fat, Is Associated with Higher Arachidonic Acid Status in Singapore Chinese Adults
TLDR
Red meat consumption, but not PUFA or PUFA-rich cooking oil, was associated with circulating AA suggesting that intake of pre-formed AA rather than LA is an important determinant of AA status. Expand
Relationship between the concentrations of plasma phospholipid stearic acid and plasma lipoprotein lipids in healthy men
This study investigated the correlation between the plasma phospholipid (PL) saturated fatty acid (SFA) concentration (as a surrogate marker of SFA intake) and plasma lipid and lipoprotein lipidExpand
Red Meat Consumption and Serum Lipids and Fatty Acids in Toddlers: Secondary Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
No effects associated with the intervention were found for total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, total to HDL cholesterol ratio, or serum fatty acid composition, suggesting that the addition of ∼2 tablespoons/day of lean red meat to toddlers’ diets will likely not adversely affect serum lipids or fatty acids. Expand
A role for omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements in diabetic neuropathy.
TLDR
A diet balanced in long-chain PUFAs modifies retinal lipid membranes in diabetes and prevents rod dysfunction, most likely secondary to the larger photoreceptor output. Expand
Innovative dietary sources of n-3 fatty acids.
TLDR
N-3 PUFAs are being incorporated into nontraditional food sources because of advances in the technology to safely enrich/fortify the authors' food supply and because of newer technologies (microencapsulation and improved processing techniques that ensure stability and preserve the integrity of these unstable fatty acids. Expand
Dietary arachidonic and linoleic acids: Comparative effects on tissue lipids
TLDR
The data suggest that while the level of n−6 PUFA in the diet may have an important effect on tissue fatty acid composition, the type of n+6 PU FA in the diets could be of greater significance. Expand
Sustainable Production of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids represent essential nutrients for animals and humans. The most common plant-derived precursor for the bioactive long-chain omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Comparison of monounsaturated fatty acids and carbohydrates for lowering plasma cholesterol.
  • S. Grundy
  • Medicine
  • The New England journal of medicine
  • 1986
TLDR
A diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids appears to be at least as effective in lowering plasma cholesterol as a diet low in fat and high in carbohydrate in short-term studies in which liquid diets are used and body weight is kept constant. Expand
Dietary omega-3 fatty acids prevent carbohydrate-induced hypertriglyceridemia.
TLDR
Dietary omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil rapidly and markedly reduced VLDL triglyceride levels even in the face of a high-carbohydrate diet. Expand
The effects of low-fat diets rich in arachidonic acid on the composition of plasma fatty acids and bleeding time in Australian aborigines.
TLDR
A rise in bleeding time associated with an increased concentration of arachidonic acid and decreased concentration of linoleic acid in plasma lipids is demonstrated, and suggests that the mechanism by which diet modulates haemostatic function may be more complex than currently assumed. Expand
The effect of dietary essential fatty acids on the concentration of serum and liver lipids in the rat.
TLDR
It was concluded that linoleic acid and arachidonic acid had different and specific roles in lipid metabolism. Expand
Effects of dietary cholesterol and fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins.
TLDR
The response of LDL to dietary manipulations is consonant with epidemiologic data relating diets high in cholesterol and saturated fat to atherogenesis, and the response of HDL2 is opposite to that of its putative role as a negative risk factor. Expand
Increased proportion of arachidonic acid in plasma lipids after 2 weeks on a diet of tropical seafood.
TLDR
Using capillary GLC, it is concluded that seafood from tropical waters, unlike seafood from colder waters, is a natural source of polyunsaturated fatty acids from both the omega 6 and omega 3 series. Expand
The effect of sucrose content in high and low carbohydrate diets on plasma glucose, insulin, and lipid responses in hypertriglyceridemic humans.
TLDR
The results of these studies demonstrate that high CHO-low fat diets, in general, tend to elevate plasma glucose, insulin, and TG concentrations and reduce HDL-Chol concentration in patients with endogenous hypertriglyceridemia and illustrate the important role that small variations in dietary sucrose can play in modulation of CHO and lipid metabolism. Expand
Effect of high- and low-fiber diets on plasma lipids and insulin.
TLDR
The results suggest that carbohydrates-induced hyperlipemia does not occur if the high carbohydrate diet is rich in dietary fiber, and furthermore that the insulin-stimulating potential of foods in a very high-carbohydrate diet is a critical determinant of the magnitude of carbohydrate-induced lipemia. Expand
The analysis of polyunsaturated fatty acids in meat by capillary gas‐liquid chromatography
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of lean meat from domesticated and wild ruminants (cattle, sheep, goat, sambar deer and buffalo) and non-ruminants (pig, horse and kangaroo) have been examined byExpand
Fatty acid composition of liver lipids during development of rat
TLDR
The results suggested that the LCP in the rat liver triglycerides during the suckling period were derived from the long chain polyunsaturated acids in the dam's milk, rather than by synthesis from either 18∶2 or 18∷3 within the pups. Expand
...
1
2
3
...