Effects on microflora of using naphthalene or X-rays to reduce arthropod populations in the field

  title={Effects on microflora of using naphthalene or X-rays to reduce arthropod populations in the field},
  author={Kathryn Newell and Juliet C. Frankland and John B. Whittaker},
  journal={Biology and Fertility of Soils},
SummaryNaphthalene or X-rays are often used to test the effect on soil processes of reducing or eliminating arthropods. Naphthalene, however, is shown here to reduce radial growth significantly in eight out of nine basidiomycete fungi tested. X-ray treatment, which killed only 24% of Onychiurus latus Gisin (Collembola), significantly reduced the radial growth rate of one of two fungi tested. These techniques are likely to affect the composition of microbial communities and therefore should be… 

Naphthalene exerts non-target effects on the abundance of active fungi by stimulating basidiomycete abundance

It is suggested that naphthalene exerts non-target effects on the active fungal abundance by stimulating the abundance of specific taxa in subalpine forest soils and should be taken into consideration when it is used to exclude soil fauna.

Naphthalene exerts substantial nontarget effects on soil nitrogen mineralization processes in a subalpine forest soil: A microcosm study

The results suggest that naphthalene can exert direct nontarget effects on soil microbial respiration and N mineralization processes in subalpine soils, and should be taken when using naphtha to repel soil animals in field experiments.

Soil ecological interactions: comparisons between tropical and subalpine forests

It is concluded that non-target effects of naphthalene on the microbial community alone cannot explain the large differences in total microbial biomass found between control and fauna-excluded treatments in the subalpine forests.

Detoxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by fungi

  • J. Sutherland
  • Biology, Chemistry
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology
  • 2005
Although dihydrodiol epoxides and other mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds have been detected as minor fungal metabolites of a few PAHs, most transformations performed by fungi reduce the mutagenicity and thus detoxify thePAHs.

Sampling Methods for Soil and Litter Fauna

Hosting an exciting AGU Chapman Conference in San Juan, PR (Jan 22-27, 2017) on Extreme Climate Event Impacts on Aquatic Biogeochemical Cycles and Fluxes! Note web page for the exciting program



The disappearance of leaf litter under different woodland conditions

A method is described by which quantitative studies can be made on the course of disappearance of leaf litter under woodland conditions by placing litter samples in the field in nylon hairnets.

Effect of pesticide residues on soil invertebrates and plants