Effects on Brain Development Leading to Cognitive Impairment: A Worldwide Epidemic

  title={Effects on Brain Development Leading to Cognitive Impairment: A Worldwide Epidemic},
  author={Karen N. Olness},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
  • K. Olness
  • Published 1 April 2003
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
ABSTRACT. This article reviews causes of cognitive impairment in children with a focus on those in developing countries. The number of children with cognitive limitations is increasing, and for the majority there is little access to professional expertise. Causes include malnutrition, genetic diseases, infectious diseases such as meningitis, parasites, and cerebral malaria, in utero drug and alcohol exposure, newborn asphyxia, low birth weight, head injuries, and endocrine disorders. Many of… 
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