Effects of worksite health interventions involving reduced work hours and physical exercise on sickness absence costs.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of physical exercise during work hours (PE) and reduced work hours (RWH) on direct and indirect costs associated with sickness absence (SA). METHODS Sickness absence and related costs at six workplaces, matched and randomized to three conditions (PE, RWH, and referents), were retrieved from company records and/or estimated using salary conversion methods or value-added equations on the basis of interview data. RESULTS Although SA days decreased in all conditions (PE, 11.4%; RWH, 4.9%; referents, 15.9%), costs were reduced in the PE (22.2%) and RWH (4.9%) conditions but not among referents (10.2% increase). CONCLUSIONS Worksite health interventions may generate savings in SA costs. Costs may not be linear to changes in SA days. Combing the friction method with indirect cost estimates on the basis of value-added productivity may help illuminate both direct and indirect SA costs.

DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31824e11cd

Cite this paper

@article{Schwarz2012EffectsOW, title={Effects of worksite health interventions involving reduced work hours and physical exercise on sickness absence costs.}, author={Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz and Henna Hasson}, journal={Journal of occupational and environmental medicine}, year={2012}, volume={54 5}, pages={538-44} }