Effects of warming up, massage, and stretching on range of motion and muscle strength in the lower extremity

@article{WiktorssonMoller1983EffectsOW,
  title={Effects of warming up, massage, and stretching on range of motion and muscle strength in the lower extremity},
  author={Margareta Wiktorsson-Moller and Birgitta {\"O}berg and Jan Ekstrand and Jan Gillquist},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={1983},
  volume={11},
  pages={249 - 252}
}
The effects of general warming up, massage, and stretching on ranges of motion (ROM) and strength of quadriceps and hamstring muscles were measured in eight male volunteers. Thigh muscle strength was not influenced by the experimental procedures. Stretching resulted in a significantly increased range of hip flexion/ extension, hip abduction, knee flexion, and ankle dor siflexion; the effect was significantly greater than that obtained by massage and warming up separately or combined. Only ankle… 
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