Effects of violent movies and trait hostility on hostile feelings and aggressive thoughts

  title={Effects of violent movies and trait hostility on hostile feelings and aggressive thoughts},
  author={Craig A. Anderson},
  journal={Aggressive Behavior},
The General Affective Aggression Model [Anderson CA, Deuser WE, DeNeve KM (1995): Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 21:434-448; Anderson CA, Anderson KB, Deuser WE (1996): Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 22:366-376] suggests that violent movies may increase aggression by increasing hostile feelings and the accessibility of aggressive thoughts, It also suggests that trait hostility may similarly influence affect and cognition. Experiment 1 explored the effects of viewing… 

Figures from this paper

Trait aggressiveness, media violence, and perceptions of interpersonal conflict
Abstract This study explores the short-term impact of exposure to violent mass media content while accounting for personality (i.e. trait-aggression) and situational factors (e.g. responsibility for
Is Aggressive Trait Responsible for Violence? Priming Effects of Aggressive Words and Violent Movies
The aim of the present study was to examine the priming effects of violent movies and aggressive words on implicit aggression by using modified STROOP task. 190 adolescents participated in this
From Antecedent Conditions to Violent Actions: A General Affective Aggression Model
The General Affective Aggression Model (GAAM) posits that variables that increase aggression do so by increasing aggressive affect, aggressive cognition, or arousal. The effects of trait hostility,
Measuring State and Trait Aggression: A Short, Cautionary Tale
Ample evidence exists suggesting that exposure to television and film violence (Paik & Comstock, 1994) and playing with violent video games (Sherry, 2001) contribute to increases in aggressive
Violent video games: Specific effects of violent content on aggressive thoughts and behavior
Publisher Summary This chapter presents three experimental studies, one correlational study, and a meta-analysis tested key hypotheses concerning the short-term and long-term impact of exposure to
Aggressive Primes Activate Hostile Information in Memory: Who is Most Susceptible?
Research reveals that aggressive primes activate hostile information in memory. However, it is unclear whether this is true of all people or whether the activation of hostile information differs by
"I Felt it Tear Flesh": Violent Comics and Social Cognition
This study investigated the effects of reading extremely violent versus nonviolent comic books on 249 introductory psychology students' interpretations of overt and relational provocation situations.
Exposure to violent media: the effects of songs with violent lyrics on aggressive thoughts and feelings.
College students who hearing a violent song felt more hostile than those who heard a similar but nonviolent song, and trait hostility was positively related to state hostility but did not moderate the song lyric effects.
Violent audiovisual content and social consequences: The moderating role of aggression in adolescents
Abstract Numerous studies have linked the consumption of violent audiovisual content to the increase of aggressive cognitions and behaviors. This research aims to clarify whether the possible harmful
Does Violent Movie Exposure Affect Aggressive Cognition of Chinese Adolescents? Evidences from a Modified STROOP Task
The main purpose of the study was to examine the impact of violent movies on aggressive cognition of Chinese adolescents. A modified STROOP word-color naming task was used to examine whether


Examining an Affective Aggression Framework Weapon and Temperature Effects on Aggressive Thoughts, Affect, and Attitudes
A general framework for studying affective aggression, integrating many insights from previous models (e.g., those of Baron, Berkowitz, Geen, and Zillmann), is presented. New research examining
Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression.
  • B. Bushman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1995
V Videotape violence was more likely to increase aggression in high trait aggressive individuals than in low traitaggressive individuals.
Effects of aggressive personality on social expectations and social perceptions.
Abstract Individual differences in aggressive reaction tendencies appear early in life and are stable across the life span. People who chronically interpret ambiguously aggressive behaviors as
Role of cognitive-emotional mediators and individual differences in the effects of media violence on aggression.
Two experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that observation of media violence elicits thoughts and emotional responses related to aggression. In Experiment 1, highly violent videotapes
Hot Temperatures, Hostile Affect, Hostile Cognition, and Arousal: Tests of a General Model of Affective Aggression
A general model of affective aggression was used to generate predictions concerning hot temperatures. Experiment 1 examined hot temperature effects on hostile affect, hostile cognition, perceived
Effects of situational aggression cues: a quantitative review.
Meta-analytic procedures were used to assess the degree to which aggression-related cues present in the environment facilitate aggressive responding among negatively aroused subjects, and found that target-based facilitation and harm capacity of the aggressive response were found to mediate the magnitude of cue-facilitated aggression.
The Effects of Television Violence on Antisocial Behavior: A Meta-Analysis1
A meta-analysis is performed on studies pertaining to the effect of television violence on aggressive behavior. Partitioning by research design, viewer attributes, treatment and exposure variables,
Psychological Processes Promoting the Relation Between Exposure to Media Violence and Aggressive Behavior by the Viewer
A developmental theory is presented to account for the relation between increased exposure to media violence and increased aggressive behavior. It is argued that the effect of media violence on
Effects of media violence on viewers' aggression in unconstrained social interaction.
Exposure to media violence significantly enhanced viewers' aggressive behavior when the findings were aggregated across studies, but the effect was not uniform across investigations.
The aggression questionnaire.
  • A. Buss, M. Perry
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1992
Correlational analysis revealed that anger is the bridge between both physical and verbal aggression and hostility and the need to assess not only overall aggression but also its individual components.