Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals

  title={Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals},
  author={Michael L. Mckinney},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
  • M. Mckinney
  • Published 29 January 2008
  • Environmental Science
  • Urban Ecosystems
Many studies have described the effects of urbanization on species richness. [] Key Result For all groups, species richness tends to be reduced in areas with extreme urbanization (i.e., central urban core areas). However, the effects of moderate levels of urbanization (i.e., suburban areas) vary significantly among groups.

Bird community responses to different urban conditions in La Paz, Bolivia

Urbanization alters ecosystems worldwide, but little is known about its effects in the Neotropical region. In the present research we examined the relative influence of different levels of

Effects of urban structure on plant species richness in a large European city

The results contribute to identifying drivers of biodiversity in cities and can thus be used to develop measures for the conservation of urban biodiversity.

Urbanization is not associated with increased abundance or decreased richness of terrestrial animals - dissecting the literature through meta-analysis

The widely accepted consensus is that urbanization increases abundance but reduces species richness of animals. This assumption is the premise for empirical tests and theoretical explanations. We

Diversity of birds in relation to area, vegetation structure and connectivity in urban green areas in La Paz, Bolivia

With a growing human population, cities keep growing worldwide altering ecosystem and thereby affecting the species living in these areas. Most studies of urbanization and its effect on ecosystem

The Effect of Urbanization on Ant Abundance and Diversity: A Temporal Examination of Factors Affecting Biodiversity

Changes in ant abundance and diversity associated with the conversion of natural habitats into urban habitats are examined to characterize the short- and long-term the effects of urbanization on the loss of ant biodiversity.

Urbanization does not affect green space bird species richness in a mid-sized city

Urbanization is one of the most intensive forms of landscape and habitat transformation, resulting in species loss, and taxonomic and functional homogenization of different communities. Whilst green

Impacts of urban sprawl on species richness of plants, butterflies, gastropods and birds: not only built-up area matters

Urban growth is a major factor of global environmental change and has important impacts on biodiversity, such as changes in species composition and biotic homogenization. Most previous studies have

Determinants of species richness within and across taxonomic groups in urban green spaces

It is concluded that, in the context of urban planning, it is important to conserve large green spaces that include a high diversity of habitats to maintain high species richness in urban green spaces.

Effects of urbanization on the diversity of ant assemblages in tropical dry forests, Mexico

Urbanization has a direct effect on the landscape and its biodiversity, however urban centers has been ignored in most ecological studies. We study the diversity of ant communities in four remnants



Worldwide urbanization and its effects on birds

Human populations are increasing and becoming predominantly urban. Resulting land cover changes reduce, perforate, isolate, and degrade bird habitat on local and global scales. I review: 1)

Effects of urbanization on butterfly species richness, guild structure, and rarity

Models of mean butterfly richness per visit explained greater variance than did models of cumulative richness across the season, and the most consistent landscape-level correlates of species richness were number of people and green space.

Scale dependence of the correlation between human population presence and vertebrate and plant species richness.

The broad-scale positive correlation between human presence and species richness suggests that people have preferentially settled and generally flourished in areas of high biodiversity and/or have contributed to it with species introductions and habitat diversification.

Ecology of Urban Arthropods: A Review and a Call to Action

Abstract A review of the entomological literature revealed relatively few general studies on arthropods in urban environments, excluding those in the context of pest control or epidemiology, and all

Urban effects on native avifauna: a review

The impact of urban development on butterflies within a city region

The effect of urban development on butterfly species' richness and species' incidence is tested for the Greater Manchester conurbation and two sample areas, mapped at finer scales, within the

Correlated Non-native Species Richness of Birds, Mammals, Herptiles and Plants: Scale Effects of Area, Human Population and Native Plants

  • M. Mckinney
  • Environmental Science
    Biological Invasions
  • 2005
It is found, in agreement with Sax [2001, Journal of Biogeography 28: 139–150], that latitude is inversely correlated with non-native species richness of many groups and area, human population size and native plant species richness are shown to be important extrinsic factors influencing non- native animal species.

On the Role of Alien Species in Urban Flora and Vegetation

It appears that alien species may persist as dominants in succession for a long period in urban waste land, and the relationship between species richness and the level of man-induced disturbance supports the intermediate disturbance theory only if the native species are considered.