Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals

@article{McKinney2007EffectsOU,
  title={Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals},
  author={Michael L McKinney},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
  year={2007},
  volume={11},
  pages={161-176}
}
  • M. McKinney
  • Published 29 January 2008
  • Biology
  • Urban Ecosystems
Many studies have described the effects of urbanization on species richness. [...] Key Result For all groups, species richness tends to be reduced in areas with extreme urbanization (i.e., central urban core areas). However, the effects of moderate levels of urbanization (i.e., suburban areas) vary significantly among groups.Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Bird community responses to different urban conditions in La Paz, Bolivia
Urbanization alters ecosystems worldwide, but little is known about its effects in the Neotropical region. In the present research we examined the relative influence of different levels ofExpand
Effects of urban structure on plant species richness in a large European city
TLDR
The results contribute to identifying drivers of biodiversity in cities and can thus be used to develop measures for the conservation of urban biodiversity. Expand
Urbanization is not associated with increased abundance or decreased richness of terrestrial animals - dissecting the literature through meta-analysis
The widely accepted consensus is that urbanization increases abundance but reduces species richness of animals. This assumption is the premise for empirical tests and theoretical explanations. WeExpand
Diversity of birds in relation to area, vegetation structure and connectivity in urban green areas in La Paz, Bolivia
With a growing human population, cities keep growing worldwide altering ecosystem and thereby affecting the species living in these areas. Most studies of urbanization and its effect on ecosystemExpand
The Effect of Urbanization on Ant Abundance and Diversity: A Temporal Examination of Factors Affecting Biodiversity
TLDR
Changes in ant abundance and diversity associated with the conversion of natural habitats into urban habitats are examined to characterize the short- and long-term the effects of urbanization on the loss of ant biodiversity. Expand
The effect of urbanization on the functional and scale-sensitive diversity of bird assemblages in Central India
Abstract: Diversity changes can be evaluated at various spatial scales, and the relationship between changes in diversity at the local, landscape and regional scales is not evident. The overallExpand
Urbanization does not affect green space bird species richness in a mid-sized city
Urbanization is one of the most intensive forms of landscape and habitat transformation, resulting in species loss, and taxonomic and functional homogenization of different communities. Whilst greenExpand
Impacts of urban sprawl on species richness of plants, butterflies, gastropods and birds: not only built-up area matters
Urban growth is a major factor of global environmental change and has important impacts on biodiversity, such as changes in species composition and biotic homogenization. Most previous studies haveExpand
Estimating Mammalian Species Diversity across an Urban Gradient
TLDR
This study shows that mammals respond to urbanization in similar ways to birds and butterflies and suggests that different variables may be necessary to explain the observed patterns. Expand
Urbanization shapes bird communities and nest survival, but not their food quantity
Abstract As urbanization accelerates, there is an increasing focus on understanding the ecological aspects of urbanization (both direct and indirect impacts on communities and biodiversity),Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 153 REFERENCES
Effects of urbanization on Neotropical wasp and bee assemblages in a Brazilian metropolis
The rapid growth of cities in many parts of the world has stimulated an increasing number of ecological studies of urban environments. Here, 12 study sites in the city of Belo Horizonte (MG),Expand
Worldwide urbanization and its effects on birds
Human populations are increasing and becoming predominantly urban. Resulting land cover changes reduce, perforate, isolate, and degrade bird habitat on local and global scales. I review: 1)Expand
Effects of urbanization on butterfly species richness, guild structure, and rarity
TLDR
Models of mean butterfly richness per visit explained greater variance than did models of cumulative richness across the season, and the most consistent landscape-level correlates of species richness were number of people and green space. Expand
Scale dependence of the correlation between human population presence and vertebrate and plant species richness.
TLDR
The broad-scale positive correlation between human presence and species richness suggests that people have preferentially settled and generally flourished in areas of high biodiversity and/or have contributed to it with species introductions and habitat diversification. Expand
Ecology of Urban Arthropods: A Review and a Call to Action
Abstract A review of the entomological literature revealed relatively few general studies on arthropods in urban environments, excluding those in the context of pest control or epidemiology, and allExpand
Urbanization effects on carabid diversity in boreal forests
Carabid abundance, species richness and diversity were compared along an urban-rural gradient in Helsinki, Finland. Increased urbanization was found to result in significant reductions in speciesExpand
Urban effects on native avifauna: a review
The effect of urbanization can be immense, yet our understanding is rudimentary. Here, we compile the most recent information on urban impacts on avian populations and communities. Compared to otherExpand
The impact of urban development on butterflies within a city region
The effect of urban development on butterfly species' richness and species' incidence is tested for the Greater Manchester conurbation and two sample areas, mapped at finer scales, within theExpand
Correlated Non-native Species Richness of Birds, Mammals, Herptiles and Plants: Scale Effects of Area, Human Population and Native Plants
TLDR
It is found, in agreement with Sax [2001, Journal of Biogeography 28: 139–150], that latitude is inversely correlated with non-native species richness of many groups and area, human population size and native plant species richness are shown to be important extrinsic factors influencing non- native animal species. Expand
Plant richness patterns in agricultural and urban landscapes in Central Germany—spatial gradients of species richness
Urban areas are generally inhabited by greater numbers of plant species than rural areas of the same size. Though this phenomenon is well documented, scientists seem to be drawn to opposing viewsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...