Effects of ultrafine and fine particulate and gaseous air pollution on cardiac autonomic control in subjects with coronary artery disease: The ULTRA study

@article{Timonen2006EffectsOU,
  title={Effects of ultrafine and fine particulate and gaseous air pollution on cardiac autonomic control in subjects with coronary artery disease: The ULTRA study},
  author={Kirsi L. Timonen and E. Vanninen and Jeroen Johan de Hartog and Angela Ibald-Mulli and Bert A Brunekreef and Diane R. Gold and Joachim Heinrich and Gerard Hoek and Timo Lanki and Annette Peters and Tuula H. Tarkiainen and Pekka Tiittanen and Wolfgang G Kreyling and Juha Pekkanen},
  journal={Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={16},
  pages={332-341}
}
Previous studies have shown an association between elevated concentrations of particulate air pollution and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the association between daily variation of ultrafine and fine particulate air pollution and cardiac autonomic control measured as heart rate variability (HRV) was studied in a large multicenter study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Erfurt, Germany, and Helsinki, Finland. Elderly subjects (n=37 in Amsterdam, n=47 in both Erfurt and Helsinki… CONTINUE READING
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