Effects of the Clonostachys epichloë fungal hyperparasite on the symbiotic -interaction between Botanophila spp. flies and Epichloë sp. fungus.

  title={Effects of the Clonostachys epichlo{\"e} fungal hyperparasite on the symbiotic -interaction between Botanophila spp. flies and Epichlo{\"e} sp. fungus.},
  author={Karolina G{\'o}rzyńska},
  journal={Journal of invertebrate pathology},
  • K. Górzyńska
  • Published 19 May 2020
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Journal of invertebrate pathology


The interaction of a Botanophila fly species with an exotic Epichloë fungus in a cultivated grass: fungivore or mutualist?
If obligatory mutualism in the fungus–fly relationship described from the midwestern USA is the norm, studies suggest a shift in the interaction to one of simple foraging on the fungus by fly larvae.
Incidence, Identification, and Mycoparasitic Activity of Clonostachys epichloë, a Hyperparasite of the Fungal Endophyte Epichloë typhina.
The possibility of using C. epichloë to control choke disease caused by E. typhina in grass populations is discussed, and its naturally occurring fungal hyperparasite was investigated in populations of the grass Puccinellia distans (L.) Parl.
The Botanophila–Epichloë association in cultivated Festuca in Oregon: evidence of simple fungivory
In cultivated fine fescue fields in Oregon, B. lobata forages on E. festucae, but fly development is not dependent on the fertilized stromata of Epichloë, which indicates that the fly–fungus interaction is an obligatory mutualism.
Botanophila—Epichloë Interaction in a Wild Grass, Puccinellia distans, Lacks Dependence on the Fly Vector
In grass-infecting Epichloë (Ascomycetes: Clavicipitaceae) fungi, the transfer of spermatia for fungal fertilization depends on an insect vector: flies of the genus Botanophila, which are present every year in only one population of P. distans.
Botanophila flies on Epichloë host species in Europe and North America: no evidence for co‐evolution
Comparison of molecular phylogenetic relationships of Botanophila species with those of the associated Epichloë hosts did not suggest co‐evolution of the fungus and the fly, but indicated that up to four different Botanphila taxa can be present at a single location.
New records of Clonostachys epichloë, a mycoparasitic fungus on the grass‐parasitic ascomycete Epichloë typhina for Europe
A mycoparasitic hyphomycete on the grass-parasitic ascomycete Epichloe typhina from Germany was identified as Clonostachys epichloe Schroers with morphological and molecular methods. A delicately
An unusual Botanophila–Epichloë association in a population of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) in Poland
Results suggest that in the Polish population of D. glomerata, sexual reproduction of Epichloё fungi depends on spermatia-carrying vectors other than Botanophila.
The occurrence and preference of Botanophila flies (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) for particular species of Epichloë fungi infecting wild grasses
The results of this study confirm that there is not a close species specific association between this fungus and this insect.
Oviposition Preference of Botanophila Flies (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) Towards Stroma Size of Epichloë (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) Hosts
Underlying assumptions that egg laying depends on the stroma length and the fate of eggs laid (i.e., their hatching success and the condition, in terms of weight and survival, of the larvae) on egg density are questioned.
Biology and evolution of the Epichloë-associated Botanophila species found in Europe (Diptera: Anthomyiidae)
New sequences of the mitochondrial genes COI and COII are obtained from a representative sample of 17 European Botanophila and Chiastocheta species including all six Epichloe-associated species, as well as from four outgroup taxa suggesting that ancestral Botanophile may have expanded its niche to European fungal hosts once and then successfully radiated while exploiting fungal tissue as additional food source.