Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development and oviposition ofApanteles sp. groupUltor [Hym.: Braconidae], a larval parasite of the carob mothEctomyelois ceratoniae [Lep.: Pyralidae]

@article{AlMaliky1988EffectsOT,
  title={Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development and oviposition ofApanteles sp. groupUltor [Hym.: Braconidae], a larval parasite of the carob mothEctomyelois ceratoniae [Lep.: Pyralidae]},
  author={S. K. Al-Maliky and Mohammed A. J. Al-Izzi and N. F. Jabbo},
  journal={Entomophaga},
  year={1988},
  volume={33},
  pages={193-200}
}
Development of the solitary parasitoidApanteles sp. groupultor in larvae ofEctomyelois ceratoniae was investigated at different constant temperatures. Temperature had a significant effect upon parasitoid development during both host-internal and host-external phases. The duration of the host-internal phase varied from 41 days at 15–17°C to 8.6 days at 29°C, the duration of the host-external phase varied from 16.5 days at 16–17°C to 5.4 days at 29°C.Effect of photoperiod upon parasite… 
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The progeny production of a hymenopterous parasitoid,Apanteles sp. groupultor, as affected by temperature

The range of constant temperature did not greatly alter the progeny sex ratio when female parent had been mated, but male activity was adversely affected when both sexes were exposed to it without previous mating, resulting in a higher number of male progeny.

Carob Moth, Lesser Date Moth, and Raisin Moth

This chapter provides an in-depth coverage of the carob moth, lesser date moth, and raisin moth, with particular emphasis on their distribution, natural history, and management in date gardens.

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