Background activity was recorded in 272 neurons of the ventrolateral thalamic nucleus before and after systemic haloperidol and droperidol injection at a cataleptic dose using intracellular techniques during chronic experiments on cats in a drowsy condition. Brief burster discharges lasting 5–50 msec and following on at a high intraburst spike rate (of 200–450 Hz) were characteristic of neuronal activity in intact animals. Regular discharges occurred at the rate of 2–2.5 Hz or occasionally 3–4 Hz in 15% of cells. Numbers of neurons with the latter activity pattern rose to 22 and 30%, respectively, following haloperidol and droperidol injection. Both irregular and prolonged (80–300 msec) regular discharges were recorded in one third of the total. A relatively low intraburst spike rate (of 60–170 Hz) was observed in 37% of cells following 10 days' haloperidol injection. These changes are thought to be produced by intensified inhibitory effects on neurons of the thalamic ventrolateral nucleus from the substantia nigra and reticular thalamic nucleus following blockade of dopaminergic and α-adrenergic receptors.